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   2006| November-December  | Volume 72 | Issue 6  
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Men who have sex with men and transgenders in Mumbai, India: An emerging risk group for STIs and HIV
Maninder Singh Setia, Christina Lindan, HR Jerajani, Sameer Kumta, Maria Ekstrand, M Mathur, A Gogate, AR Kavi, V Anand, Jeffrey D Klausner
November-December 2006, 72(6):425-431
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29338  PMID:17179617
Background: Men who have sex with men and transgenders are an important risk group for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). They have risky sexual behaviors but low risk perception. Objectives: To assess the sexual behavior, STIs, HIV, and identify factors associated with HIV in men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgenders (TGs) in Mumbai. Methods: Participants were enrolled from two clinics in Mumbai. They completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire and were evaluated for STIs and HIV infection. Results: A total of 150 participants, 122 MSM and 28 TGs were evaluated; 17% of MSM and 68% of the TGs were HIV infected. HIV infection in MSM was associated with serological positivity for HSV2 IgG [adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 95% confidence interval (CI): 9.0 (2.2-36.9)], a positive Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) [aOR (95% CI): 6.0 (1.5-24.0)], greater than five acts of receptive anal sex in the past six months [aOR (95% CI): 4.3 (1.2-15.0)] and per category increase in age (18-24 yrs, 25-29 yrs, > 30 yrs) [aOR (95% CI): 3.1 (1.3-7.1)] in multivariate analysis. Consistent condom use during receptive anal sex in the past six months was low (27%). Many MSM were married (22%) or had sex with females and may act as a 'bridge population'. HIV infection in TGs was associated with a positive TPHA [OR (95% CI): 9.8 (1.5-63.9)] and HSV 2 IgG [OR (95% CI): 6.7 (1.1-40.4)] in univariate analysis. Conclusion: Prior STIs were strongly associated with HIV infection in MSM and TGs. These groups should be the focus of intensive intervention programs aimed at STI screening and treatment, reduction of risky sexual behavior and promotion of HIV counseling and testing.
  26,552 554 35
Intradermal tests in dermatology-I: Tests for infectious diseases
Rahul Nagar, Sushil Pande, Uday Khopkar
November-December 2006, 72(6):461-465
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29351  PMID:17179630
  24,147 1,452 2
Prurigo pigmentosa: An underdiagnosed disease?
A Boer, M Asgari
November-December 2006, 72(6):405-409
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29334  PMID:17179613
Prurigo pigmentosa is a distinctive inflammatory disease first described by the Japanese dermatologist Masaji Nagashima in 1971. It is typified by recurrent, pruritic erythematous macules, papules and papulovesicles that resolve leaving behind netlike pigmentation. The disease is rarely diagnosed outside Japan, because clinicians outside Japan are not well conversant with the criteria for its diagnosis. Only one patient from India has been published previously under the diagnosis of prurigo pigmentosa, a hint that the disease may be under-recognized in India. We present an account of our observations in patients diagnosed with prurigo pigmentosa who were of five different nationalities, namely, Japanese, German, Indonesian, Turkish and Iranian. With this article we seek to increase awareness for the condition among dermatologists in India and we provide criteria for its diagnosis, both clinically and histopathologically.
  21,113 460 20
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
AU Surjushe, SR Jindal, RR Kamath, DG Saple
November-December 2006, 72(6):410-414
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29335  PMID:17179614
  11,201 1,332 3
Kruti S Jobanputra, Aruna V Rajpal, NG Nagpur
November-December 2006, 72(6):466-469
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29352  PMID:17179631
  11,481 852 4
Preparation and evaluation of cosmetic patches containing lactic and glycolic acids
H Mahdavi, Z Kermani, G Faghihi, A Asilian, H Hamishehkar, A Jamshidi
November-December 2006, 72(6):432-436
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29339  PMID:17179618
Background: Alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid (GA) and lactic acid (LA), are used in cosmetic patches. The important fact in cosmetic patches is its suitable adhesion and peel properties. Aim: The objective of this study was to prepare LA- and GA-containing cosmetic patches and evaluate in-vitro/in-vivo correlation of adhesion properties. Methods: Pressure-sensitive adhesives with different concentrations of GA and LA were cast on a polyethylene terephthalate film. The patches were evaluated for peel adhesive strength. On the basis of in vitro adhesion properties the patches were selected for wear performance tests and skin irritation potential. Results: The adhesion properties (adhesion to steel plate and skin) and cohesive strength tests indicated the substantial influence of GA and LA concentrations. Based on in vitro adhesion studies the patches containing 3% (w/w) GA were selected for in vivo studies. In vivo studies show that a formulation containing 3% GA displays good adhesion on the skin, but it leaves little residues on the skin. Skin Irritation studies on healthy human volunteers showed negligible erythema at the site of application after 48h. Conclusion: The noninvasive patch test model was found useful for detecting irritant skin reactions to the cosmetic patch containing GA. Our results demonstrated a strong correlation between the adhesion to steel plate and adhesion to skin. But a weak correlation between the degree of adhesive residue on the skin in in vitro and in vivo tests was observed for the formulation containing 3% (w/w) GA.
  10,361 522 2
Epithelioid sarcoma: A diagnostic challenge
Kanthilatha K Pai, Sathish B Pai, H Sripathi, Pranab K Saha, Purnima Rao
November-December 2006, 72(6):446-448
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29343  PMID:17179622
Epithelioid sarcoma is an uncommon slow-growing soft tissue malignancy, associated with a high incidence of local recurrence and metastasis. We report a 26-year-old male with epithelioid sarcoma on the right palm with a long history of over seven years, which was initially misdiagnosed as cutaneous tuberculosis and epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, as a result of which the treatment was delayed. No metastasis was found in our patient. The patient was referred to the oncology centre where he underwent wide excision of the lesion followed by radiotherapy. The review of the literature including clinical and histological differential diagnosis is presented as it mimics inflammatory, benign tumors as well as other malignant conditions.
  9,546 429 6
Study of upper gastrointestinal tract involvement in pemphigus by esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy
P Narasimha Rao, Aruna Samarth, Sanjeev J Aurangabadkar, Bajrang Pratap, TSS Lakshmi
November-December 2006, 72(6):421-424
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29337  PMID:17179616
Introduction: Involvement of upper gastrointestinal tract in pemphigus vulgaris is not uncommon. Aim: To study the involvement of upper gastrointestinal tract (UGIT) with the help of esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD) in patients of vesiculobullous dermatoses with emphasis on pemphigus vulgaris. Methods: Forty-two patients (M-22, F-20) with vesiculobullous dermatoses, diagnosed on the basis of clinical features and skin histopathology as pemphigus vulgaris (PV)-40 patients and pemphigus foliacieus (PF)-2 patients were included in the study. The EGD was performed and mucosa of the esophagus, stomach and first part of the duodenum were examined. Mucosal biopsies were taken from the lower esophagus in 26 patients of PV and studied after H and E staining. Results: On EGD, esophageal involvement was seen in 67% patients of PV (27/40). Of these, Grade I esophagitis was observed in seven, Grade II in 11, Grade III in four and Grade IV involvement was seen in five patients of PV. Three PV patients had associated esophageal candidiasis. Involvement of esophageal mucosa was also observed in one out of two patients of PF. Gastric mucosa was involved in 52% and duodenal mucosa in 20% of PV patients. Acantholysis was observed in seven out of 26 (27%) esophageal biopsies of PV patients. Two patients of PV vomited a tube-like structure, indicative of 'esophagitis dissecans superficialis'. The involvement of the gastric mucosa in patients with history of oral corticosteroid intake (60%) was compared to the group without history of oral corticosteroids (30%). Conclusion: Among PV patients under study, significant involvement of oral (87%), esophageal (67%), gastric (52%) and duodenal mucosa (20%) was observed.
  9,044 314 7
Generalized pustular psoriasis of pregnancy treated with oral cyclosporin
MM Kura, AU Surjushe
November-December 2006, 72(6):458-459
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29349  PMID:17179628
  8,969 258 4
Cutaneous vasculitis as a presenting feature of multiple myeloma: A report of 2 cases
Priyam S Kembre, Sunanda Mahajan, Vidya Kharkar, Uday Khopkar
November-December 2006, 72(6):437-439
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29340  PMID:17179619
We report two male patients who presented with symmetrical, painful purpura that evolved into bullae and necrotic ulcers, predominantly on the extremities, over two months in spite of conventional therapy including oral steroids. Examination showed livedoid and purpuric patches with necrotic centers in starburst pattern over the extremities and buttocks. The first case also had similar lesions over the ears. The clinical presentation and the histopathological examination suggested a diagnosis of necrotizing leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV). Blood testing ruled out connective tissue disease, hepatitis B or C infection or streptococcal infection as underlying cause of vasculitis. Serum antinuclear factor, antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody and anticardiolipin anticoagulant were negative in both cases. Cryoglobulins were positive in case 2. An incidental finding was raised serum proteins and globulins in case 2. Further investigations revealed M band on electrophoresis and features of multiple myeloma on bone marrow biopsy in both cases. These cases emphasize the importance of simple investigations like serum proteins in the evaluation of LCV.
  8,794 265 3
Alopecia universalis in Down syndrome: Response to therapy
Gomathy Sethuraman, Amit K Malhotra, Vinod K Sharma
November-December 2006, 72(6):454-455
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29346  PMID:17179625
  8,137 208 -
Profile of systemic sclerosis in a tertiary care center in North India
Vinod K Sharma, Tejasvi Trilokraj, Binod K Khaitan, Sumanth M Krishna
November-December 2006, 72(6):416-420
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29336  PMID:17179615
Aim: To study the clinical and immunological profile in patients of systemic sclerosis from North India and compare it with other ethnic groups. Methods: Patients presenting to us between the years 2001 and 2004 and fulfilling the American Rheumatism Association (ARA) criteria for systemic sclerosis were included. There were 84 females and 16 males with the mean age of 32.5 ±11.62 years and a mean duration of 6.49 ± 4.34 years. All patients were admitted to the dermatology ward for detailed history and examination including Rodnan score. Investigations including hemogram, hepatic and renal functions, serum electrolytes, urine for albumin, sugar, microscopy and 24h urinary protein estimation, antinuclear antibody, chest X-ray, barium swallow, pulmonary function test, electrocardiogram and skin biopsy were done. Results: The most common presenting symptoms were skin binding-down (98.5%), Raynaud's phenomenon 92.9%, pigmentary changes 91%, contracture of fingers 64.6%, fingertip ulcer 58.6%, restriction of mouth opening 55.5%, dyspnea 51.1%, joint complaints 36.7% and dysphagia in 35.2%. The mean Rodnan score was 25.81 ± 10.04 and the mean mouth opening was 24.6 ± 19.01 mm. The laboratory abnormalities included raised ESR in 87.8%, ANA positive in 89.1%, proteinuria in 6.0%, abnormal chest X-ray in 65.3%, abnormal barium swallow in 70.2% and reduced pulmonary function test in 85.8%. Conclusion: The clinical and immunological profile of systemic sclerosis in North India is similar to that of other ethnic groups except that pigmentary changes are commoner and renal involvement is relatively uncommon.
  7,558 402 7
Anti-aging therapies: Other half of the story
Devinder Mohan Thappa, Gajanan A Pise
November-December 2006, 72(6):459-460
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29350  PMID:17179629
  6,459 487 3
Bhutani's color atlas of dermatology
HR Jerajani
November-December 2006, 72(6):473-473
  6,446 178 -
Erythematous plaque over the face
SP Vijayalakshmi, Megha Arunharke, Sundaram
November-December 2006, 72(6):471-472
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29356  PMID:17179632
  6,241 149 -
Lymphangitic chromoblastomycosis
K Muhammed, G Nandakumar, KK Asokan, P Vimi
November-December 2006, 72(6):443-445
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29342  PMID:17179621
Chromoblastomycosis (CM), a chronic subcutaneous mycosis, is caused by several dematiaceous fungi, the most common being Fonsecaea pedrosoi . It usually occurs in the lower extremities following traumatic implantation of the organisms. We are reporting a case of chromoblastomycosis on the right lower limb in a sporotrichoid pattern caused by F. pedrosoi . The pattern was probably due to lymphatic spread that seems to be one of the rare presentations. The histopathology showed typical muriform or medlar bodies both intracellularly and extracellularly within the granuloma. Culture revealed sporulating organisms ( Cladosporium and Rhinocladiella type) by a combination method, characteristic of F. pedrosoi . Our case responded well to itraconazole.
  5,901 249 7
Condom leukoderma
Raghubir Banerjee, Kalyan Banerjee, Ajit Datta
November-December 2006, 72(6):452-453
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29345  PMID:17179624
Contact dermatitis from natural latex of condom has been reported and is attributed to latex sensitivity. Chemical leukoderma from rubber condom is probably not reported. Here we present a case of chemical leukoderma in a 32-year-old male who developed depigmentation around the shaft of the penis in a circumferential pattern. Since the lesion was solitary and the site corresponded to the point of maximum contact of the condom, a diagnosis of contact leukoderma due to latex condom was thought of. Patch testing was done with mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), dusting powder present in the condom, and condom latex as such. The patient tested positive (3+) with mercaptobenzothiazole and the condom latex. On discontinuation of condom use and with UVB phototherapy, lesions repigmented in eight weeks.
  5,768 160 4
Variant of Vohwinkel's syndrome
Mir Mubashir Ali, Gatha M Upadya
November-December 2006, 72(6):449-451
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29344  PMID:17179623
A 28-year-old female born to consanguineous parents, presented with progressive palmoplantar keratoderma since the age of six months and a constricting band on right fourth finger of one year duration. There was history of similar complaints being present in two other family members. Associated clinical findings included starfish-shaped cornified plaques on knuckles, resorption of distal phalanges and keratotic plaques on elbows, groins and knees. The patient was mentally sound and had normal audiometry. Biopsy from hyperkeratotic plaque showed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, increased granular layer and papillomatosis. Gene mapping for loricrin mutation was found to be negative.
  5,484 163 5
Bullous variant of acral erythema due to methotrexate
Sheela Kuruvila, Monica Dalal, B Sivanesan
November-December 2006, 72(6):440-442
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29341  PMID:17179620
Chemotherapy-induced acral erythema is a painful erythema of the palms and soles which occurs following chemotherapy. It is usually seen due to cytarabine, doxorubicin and fluorouracil. We present a 40-year-old male patient, a biopsy proven case of squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of the mouth, who developed a bullous variant of acral erythema after a single intravenous dose of methotrexate. He also had fever, buccal mucositis, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hyperpigmented macular rash on the face and upper trunk. The bullous variant of acral erythema due to methotrexate has rarely been reported.
  5,212 212 6
Antiretroviral therapy: Need for a long-term view
Janak K Maniar
November-December 2006, 72(6):401-404
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29333  PMID:17179612
  5,050 288 -
Sinonasal carcinoma masquerading as fungal sinusitis
Joan Felicita Samson, V Suja, Abdul K Samad, Anuja Elizabeth George, S Sankar
November-December 2006, 72(6):470-470
A 26-year-old man presented with swelling of his face and nose of three months duration. He had multiple hyperpigmented, hyperkeratotic plaques over the swelling, of one-month duration and an erythematous indurated plaque below the left nostril for two weeks. Based on a biopsy taken from the antral mass with special stain for fungus, he was treated as fungal sinusitis with intravenous amphotericin-B, but the lesion did not regress. Later a skin biopsy from the indurated lesion showed moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. A diagnosis of sinonasal carcinoma was made and chemotherapy was started.
  5,102 135 -
Dapsone-induced agranulocytosis in a patient of leprosy
M Mishra, R Chhetia
November-December 2006, 72(6):456-457
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29348  PMID:17179627
  4,360 172 -
Malignant transformation of hypertrophic lichen planus
Sujata Sengupta, Jayanta Kumar Das, Asok Gangopadhyay
November-December 2006, 72(6):470-470
  4,301 142 4
Dapsone-induced acute myopia
Vinay V Gopalani, Ashish S More
November-December 2006, 72(6):455-456
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.29347  PMID:17179626
  3,919 108 4
Asymptomatic nodule on lip
Atul Dongre, Uday Khopkar
November-December 2006, 72(6):470-470
  3,714 101 2
Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow