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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 79  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 563--575

Alopecia areata: An update


Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Katuri Medical College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Kolalapudi Anjaneyulu Seetharam
3-28-18/155, Rajendranagar 4th line, Guntur - 522 006, AP
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.116725

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Alopecia areata (AA) is a common form of non-scarring hair loss of scalp and/or body. Genetic predisposition, autoimmunity, and environmental factors play a major role in the etiopathogenesis of AA. Patchy AA is the most common form. Atopy and autoimmune thyroiditis are most common associated conditions. Peribulbar and intrabulbar lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate resembling "swarm of bees" is characteristic on histopathology. Treatment is mainly focused to contain the disease activity. Corticosteroids are the preferred treatments in form of topical, intralesional, or systemic therapy. Camouflage in the form of wigs may be an alternative option in refractory cases.






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Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow