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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 74  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 298-

Acne neonatorum in the eastern Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Iqbal A Bukhari
King Fahad Hospital of the University, P.O. Box 40189, Alkhobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.41402

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Background: Acne neonatorum (AN) is characterized by a facial eruption of inflammatory and noninflammatory acne lesions in a neonate. Hyperactivity of sebaceous glands, stimulated by neonatal androgens, is implicated in its pathogenesis. Aim: To elucidate the clinical profile of AN in eastern Saudi Arabia. Methods: All patients diagnosed with AN in King Fahd Hospital of the University in Khobar, Saudi Arabia, during the year 2005 were evaluated clinically. Results: AN was diagnosed in 26 patients (male/female ratio 1:1). The lesions included mainly facial comedones (30.8%); papules and pustules (15.3% each); and combination of papules, pustules, and cysts (53.4%). Conclusion: All patients recovered spontaneously. In 50% of the cases, one of the parents reported having had acne vulgaris during adolescence. Hereditary factors seem to play a significant role in our series.


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Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow