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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 74  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 241--243

Dermatomyositis in a human immunodeficiency virus infected person

Department of Skin and VD, Government Medical College and SSG Hospital, Vadodara, India

Correspondence Address:
Yogesh S Marfatia
Department of Skin and V.D., OPD-1, SSG Hospital and Government Medical College, Vadodara - 390 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.41370

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It is interesting to study an autoimmune condition like dermatomyositis (DM) in the setting of immunosupression due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. An HIV seropositive female aged 30 years, presented with a nonitchy rash over the face, breathlessness, diarrhoea and difficulty in raising her hands above her head. A heliotrope rash around the eyes, Gottron's papules and proximal muscle weakness were found to be present. C reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and lactate dehydrogenase levels were raised, but creatinine phosphokinase and anti-nuclear antibody profile were normal. Her HIV serostatus was confirmed by Western blotting, keeping in mind the potential for false positive HIV serology in an autoimmune disorder. Her CD4 count was 379 cells/mm 3 . An X-ray of the chest showed bilateral pleural effusion with raised pleural fluid adenosine deaminase levels. Clinical findings and laboratory investigations favored the diagnosis of DM and HIV infection with tuberculous effusion in an HIV seropositive patient. She was treated with antibiotics, four-drug anti-tubercular treatment, systemic steroids and later, antiretroviral treatment. Chances of a false positive antibody test for HIV should be considered in a patient having an autoimmune disease such as DM.


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Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow