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 STUDIES
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 87--91

An intervention study to enhance AIDS awareness among underprivileged population in Chandigarh


Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Bhatia
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, College Building, Sector 32-A, Chandigarh - 160047
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 17642572

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BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 4 million persons are suffering from HIV infection/AIDS in India. A family health awareness campaign (FHAC) has been implemented under the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) to scale up HIV/AIDS awareness in vulnerable groups. METHODS: A community based study was conducted in April 2001 to find the impact of FHAC and IEC activities in 12 villages and slums with a population of 1-1.5 lakhs in Chandigarh. Information was collected from 643 persons in the age group of 15-49 years, 323 in the pre-intervention phase and 320 in the post-intervention phase. RESULTS: Awareness about AIDS increased from 58.2% to 70% (p < 0.01). The major sources of information were the mass media and friends. Knowledge regarding the mode of spread also increased after the campaign. Knowledge regarding prevention of AIDS by using condoms increased from 42% to 61.2%; having a single partner, from 59% to 72.3%; using safe blood, from 14.9% to 29%; and sterile needles/syringes, from 18.1% to 33.9%. Over 90% of respondents consider AIDS a dangerous disease. CONCLUSION: Community based intervention such as FHAC and IEC activities were successful in enhancing the awareness among underprivileged groups. Since a large section of the population still remained unaware, regular efforts must be made to achieve universal awareness about AIDS.






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Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow