Indexed with PubMed and Science Citation Index (E) 
Users online: 16349 
     Home | Feedback | Login 
About Current Issue Archive Ahead of print Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe What's New Contact  
  Navigate here 
   Next article
   Previous article 
   Table of Contents
 Resource links
   Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
  Related articles
   [PDF Not available] *
   Citation Manager
   Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
    Materials and Me...

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded8    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

Year : 2002  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-83

A study on the present scenario of STD management in an urban clinic in Kolkata

Department of Dermatology, Leprology and STD R.G. Kar Medical College, Calcutta - 700 004, India

Correspondence Address:
Netaji Park -2, PO - Bandel, Dist. - Hooghly, Pin - 712 123, India


A total of 4129 patients attended the STD clinic from 1996 to 1999. Of those 25.75% were STD cases. Male and female cases comprised 86% and 14% respectively. Majority were in the age group between 18 to 38 years. Choncroid was the commonest STD (37. 7%). Other STDs in order were syphilis (30. 66%), NGU (15.71%), gonorrhoea (7%), venereal wart (3.57%), candidiasis (2.53%), trichomonal vaginitis (1.6%), herpes genitalis (0.65%) and LGV (0.47%). No case of Donovanosis or HIV was detected. 13.7% of STD cases were reactive for VDRL test and 8% of the antenatal attendents were strongly VDRL test reactive. The urethral discharge on gram staining was positive for gonococcus, in 29%. 68% of the clinic attendents were given safer sex education and served condom.

How to cite this article:
Ghosh S. A study on the present scenario of STD management in an urban clinic in Kolkata. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2002;68:82-3

How to cite this URL:
Ghosh S. A study on the present scenario of STD management in an urban clinic in Kolkata. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2002 [cited 2020 Nov 30];68:82-3. Available from:

   Introduction Top

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) remain a public health problem of major significance in most parts of the world[1] and India is no exception. The epidemic of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has boosted the importance of the control of STD, because it is now well established that STD especially those which cause ulcers, greatly increase the risk of HIV transmission. Sexually transmitted diseases are responsible for much worldwide morbidity.[2] Different studies report a high prevalence of HIV positivity among patients who have had chancroid, syphilis or herpes genitalis.[3],[4] In this context treatment of STD promoted through the syndromic management provides health education about safe sex, partner management and condom programming. This study has been done to find out the present scenario of STD management in an urban clinic in Calcutta.

   Materials and Methods Top

The study was conducted at the department of Dermatology, leprology and STD of R.G. Kar Medical College and Hospital, Calcutta. The material of this study comprised of all patients who attended the STD clinic from January 1996 to December 1999. Medical record sheet of patients were analyzed for the study. Trends among the various STD were understood. All relevant investigations, i.e. VDRL test and gram staining that were done to confirm were noted.
Safer sex education and condom promotion were data evaluated. The results were compiled and data analyzed.

   Results Top

The results of the study are given in [Table - 1], [Table - 2], [Table - 3] and [Table - 4].

   Discussion Top

Total number of patients attending the STD clinic in the years from 1996 to 1999 was 4129. Out of this 25.75% were STD cases. Others attended the clinic for check up and investigation, and sex disorders like premature ejaculation, poor erection, loss of libido and also misconception about sex organ as complained of small penis. 86% of STD cases were males and 14% were females (ratio M:F = 6:1). This may be due to conservative behavior of the female, fear of social stigma and lack of typical clinical lesions in females. Prostitutes and promiscuous individuals formed reservoir.[5],[6],[7] The spectrum of age among STD attendants were from new born to sixty, while majority were in the age group 18 to 38 years. This is the period of sex fantasy and increased sex vigor. The incidence of NGU is more than gonorrhoea in this study. This is because patients with acute gonorrhoea less frequently attend hospital clinic due to over the counter availability of highly effective antibiotics and easily accessible private practitioners. NGU is caused by  Chlamydia trachomatis   in about 30-50% of cases and by  Ureaplasma urealyticum  in a smaller percentage.' Some studies suggest that chlamydia - negative NGU responds less well to conventional antimicrobial therapy than does chlamydia positive NGU.[9]
The lower prevalence of genital herpes and LGV in contrast to other studies[2],[10] was noteworthy. The low prevalence of genital herpes might be due to self-resolving short course of the disease and overlooking of the disease during diagnosis. The low incidence of LGV is comparable with other studies where it range from 0.1 % to 0.6% STD,[7] in contrast to higher incidence of LGV in some studies.[9],[10]
13.7% of STD cases were reactive for VDRL test and 8% of the antenatal attendents were VDRL test strongly reactive. These observations stress for continuous examination of all STD attendents and antenatal mothers for VDRL test routinely.[7],[8],[9],[10],[11]
The urethral discharge tested for gram stain was positive for gonococcus was in 29%. In another study by Ghosh et al the positivity was 26.5%.[12]
It can be concluded from this study that though some of the STDs showed a downward trend, nearly a constant management properly implimented at all level of health care system is essential for effective control of STD. 

   References Top

1.World Health Organisation. Management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases at District and PHC Levels: South - East Asia Regional Office Publication, No.25, 1997, New Delhi, India.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Mishra M, Mishra S, Singh PC, et al. Pattern of sexually transmitted diseases at V.S.S. Medical College, Indian J Dermatol Venereal Leprol 1998;64:231-232.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Camaron DW, Simousen SN, D' Costa L, et al. Female to male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type-1; Risk factors of seroconversion in Nairobi population. J Infec Dis 1987;155:1108.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Piolot P, Plumar FA, Rey MA, et al. Retrospective seroepidemiology of AIDS virus infection in Nairobi population. J Infect Dis 1987;155:1108.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Arndt K. Manual of Dermatologic Therapeutics, 4th edn., Boston; Little Brown and Co., 1989:135-146.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.Bhargave NC, Singh OP, Lal L. Analytical study of 1000 cases of venereal diseases. Indian J Dermatol Venereal Leprol 1975;41:70-73.  Back to cited text no. 6    
7.Ghosh SK, Roy AK. A ten year study of STD cases in an urban clinic in Calcutta. Indian J Dermatol Venereal Leprol 1994;60:323-326.  Back to cited text no. 7    
8.Bowie WR. Urethritis in males. In: Holmes KK, Mardh PA, Sporting PF, Wiesner PS, eds. Sexually Tranmitted Diseases, 2nd ed. New York, Mc Grow - Hill; 1989:627-639.  Back to cited text no. 8    
9.Handsfield HH, Alexander ER, Wang SP, et al., Differences in the therapeutic response of chlamydia - positive and chlamydia negative forms of nongonococal urethritis. J Am Vener Dis Assoc 1976;2:59.  Back to cited text no. 9    
10.Krishnamurthy VR, Ramachandran V. STD trends in chengalpattu Hospital, Indian J Dermatol Venereal Leprol, 1996;62:3-12.  Back to cited text no. 10    
11.Mabey DCW, Lioyd - Evans NE, Conteh S, Forsey T. Sexually transmitted diseases among randomly selected attenders at an antenatal clinic in the Jambia. Br J Ven Dis 1984;60:331-336.  Back to cited text no. 11    
12.Ghosh SK, Ganguly U, Banerjee S, et al. A clinicoaetiological study of sexually transmitted diseases with special reference to genital discharge. Indian J Dermatol 1994;39:65-68.  Back to cited text no. 12    


Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article


Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow