Indexed with PubMed and Science Citation Index (E) 
Users online: 2612 
     Home | Feedback | Login 
About Current Issue Archive Ahead of print Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe What's New Contact  
  Navigate here 
   Next article
   Previous article 
   Table of Contents
 Resource links
   Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
   Article in PDF (593 KB)
   Citation Manager
   Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article
   To the Editor:

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded2    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


Year : 1998  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105

Kerosene-induced acute irritant dermatitis

Department of Dermatology and STD, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 20921732

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Kumar >, Gulati >, Kuldeep >M, Mathur D. Kerosene-induced acute irritant dermatitis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1998;64:105

How to cite this URL:
Kumar >, Gulati >, Kuldeep >M, Mathur D. Kerosene-induced acute irritant dermatitis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1998 [cited 2020 Oct 25];64:105. Available from:

  To the Editor: Top

Kerosene is a widely used refined petroleum product. As true for all petroleum distillates, it is a known irritant. Frequently it is blamed for causing chronic irritant dermatitis[1]. However an acute irritant reaction to kerosene, as reported below, is a rare manifestation.

A 24-year-old male patient was referred to us from emergency outdoor. Examination revealed intense vesiculation and erythema over the lower abdomen, anterior thighs and genitalia. History of recent spilling of kerosene (12 hours earlier) over the affected area with intense burning sensation corroborated the clinical diagnosis of acute irritant dermatitis. Dramatic response was seen with ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily, cetirizine 10 mg daily and local clobetasol propionate gentamicin cream given for 10 days. Healing occurred with residual hyperpigmentation. Thereafter standard patch test with kerosene was negative.

Irritant dermatitis is caused by direct action of irritant through nonimmunologic mechanisms. Kerosene, by virtue of its fat dissolving property causes such reaction, However, rarity of acute irritant reaction with kerosene is not in accordance with its wide usage. Persons with atopic dermatitis have been shown to have increased susceptibility to develop chronic irritant dermatitis.[2] It is possible that similar factors play a critical role in development of acute irritant dermatitis with chemicals having low irritancy potential like kerosene. It may be equally possible to get such reaction due to impurities and adulteration of other organic substances in kerosene. Therefore, perhaps only those persons with some genetic predisposition develop overt manifestations. Further studies are recommended in this regard.

  References Top

1.Jee SH, Wang JD Sun CC, et al. Prevalence of probable kerosene dermatoses among ball-bearing factory workers. Scand J Work Environ Health 1986 ; 12 : 61-65.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Adams RM. Occupational dermatoses and disorders due to chemical agents, In: Dermatology in General Medicine 4th ed. Editors Fitzpotrick TB, Eisen AZ, Wolff K, et al. MC Graw Hill 1993;1767-1769.  Back to cited text no. 2    


Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article


Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow