|Year : 1996 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 3--12
STD trends in chengalpattu hospital
VR Krishnamurthy, V Ramachandran
Department of Venereology, Chengalpattu Hospital, 47/A, RK Shanmugam Salai, K K Nagar, Madras, India
A retrospective data analysis was carried out to find the trends in frequency and distribution of different STDs at Chengalpattu during 1988-1994. Of the 4549 patients who attended the clinic 3621 (79.6%) were males and 928 (20.4%) were females. The commonest STD was Chancroid (24.4%) in men and Syphilis (29.0%) in women. Balanoposthitis (11.4%) ranked third among STDs in males. Though the STD attendance showed a declining trend, most diseases showed a constant distribution. The percentage composition of Secondary and Latent Syphilis, Genital Warts,Genital Herpes and the Non-Venereal group showed an increased composition in recent years. Primary syphilis in females showed a definite declining trend. The HIV sero-positive detection rate was 2.06%. Of the 1116 patients screened for HIV antibody, 23 patients were detected sero-positive. Time Series Regression Analysis was used to predict the number of patients who would attend the STD clinic with various STDs in 1995 and 1996 to help in the understanding of the disease load and pattern in future, in resources management and in developing and evaluating preventive measures.
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