Indexed with PubMed and Science Citation Index (E) 
Users online: 525 
     Home | Feedback | Reader Login
About Current Issue Archive Ahead of print Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe What's New Contact  
  NAVIGATE here  
     Current Issue
     Submit Article 
     My Preferences 
     Dermatology crossword 


Export selected to
Reference Manager
Medlars Format
RefWorks Format
BibTex Format
  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2013| March-April  | Volume 79 | Issue 2  
    Online since February 22, 2013

  Archives   Previous Issue   Next Issue   Most popular articles   Most cited articles
Hide all abstracts  Show selected abstracts  Export selected to
  Cited Viewed PDF
Hand, foot, and mouth disease: Current scenario and Indian perspective
Nilendu Sarma
March-April 2013, 79(2):165-175
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), first reported in New Zealand in 1957 is caused by Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) and human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) and occasionally by Coxsackievirus A4-A7, A9, A10, B1-B3, and B5. This is characterized by erythematous papulo vesicular eruptions over hand, feet, perioral area, knees, buttocks and also intraorally mostly in the children. HFMD has been known for its self limiting course. Only small scale outbreaks have been reported from United States, Europe, Australia, Japan and Brazil for the first few decades. However, since 1997 the disease has conspicuously changed its behavior as noted in different Southeast Asian countries. There was sharp rise in incidence, severity, complications and even fatal outcomes that were almost unseen before that period. Following the near complete eradication of poliovirus, HEV71, the non-polio enterovirus, may become the greatest threat to cause significant neurological complications. This adds to the fact that effective therapy or vaccine is still a far reaching goal. There are reports of disease activity in different corners of India since 2004. Although of milder degree, continuous progress to affect larger parts of the country may indicate vulnerability of India from possible future fatal outbreaks. Low level of awareness among the health care providers may prove critical.
  16 21,786 688
Psychodermatology: A comprehensive review
Savita Yadav, Tarun Narang, M Sendhil Kumaran
March-April 2013, 79(2):176-192
Psychodermatology is an interesting domain of dermatology that overlaps with psychiatry. This arena in dermatology has received limited diligence, partly due to lack of training in this realm. We present here a comprehensive review of salient features and treatment updates in primary psychiatric dermatoses and have also discussed the role of psyche in psychophysiological cutaneous disorders. Secondary psychiatric morbidity is relatively common among patients visiting the dermatologists but often overlooked and uncared for. Dermatologist should be able to initiate basic pharmacotherapy, should be knowledgeable about various non-pharmacological treatments and know the right time to refer the patient to the psychiatrist. Awareness and pertinent treatment of psychodermatological disorders among dermatologists will lead to a more holistic treatment approach and better prognosis in this unique group of patients.
  4 25,054 1,217
Insect bite reactions
Sanjay Singh, Baldeep Kaur Mann
March-April 2013, 79(2):151-164
Insects are a class of living creatures within the arthropods. Insect bite reactions are commonly seen in clinical practice. The present review touches upon the medically important insects and their places in the classification, the sparse literature on the epidemiology of insect bites in India, and different variables influencing the susceptibility of an individual to insect bites. Clinical features of mosquito bites, hypersensitivity to mosquito bites Epstein-Barr virus NK (HMB-EBV-NK) disease, eruptive pseudoangiomatosis, Skeeter syndrome, papular pruritic eruption of HIV/AIDS, and clinical features produced by bed bugs, Mexican chicken bugs, assassin bugs, kissing bugs, fleas, black flies, Blandford flies, louse flies, tsetse flies, midges, and thrips are discussed. Brief account is presented of the immunogenic components of mosquito and bed bug saliva. Papular urticaria is discussed including its epidemiology, the 5 stages of skin reaction, the SCRATCH principle as an aid in diagnosis, and the recent evidence supporting participation of types I, III, and IV hypersensitivity reactions in its causation is summarized. Recent developments in the treatment of pediculosis capitis including spinosad 0.9% suspension, benzyl alcohol 5% lotion, dimethicone 4% lotion, isopropyl myristate 50% rinse, and other suffocants are discussed within the context of evidence derived from randomized controlled trials and key findings of a recent systematic review. We also touch upon a non-chemical treatment of head lice and the ineffectiveness of egg-loosening products. Knockdown resistance (kdr) as the genetic mechanism making the lice nerves insensitive to permethrin is discussed along with the surprising contrary clinical evidence from Europe about efficacy of permethrin in children with head lice carrying kdr-like gene. The review also presents a brief account of insects as vectors of diseases and ends with discussion of prevention of insect bites and some serious adverse effects of mosquito coil smoke.
  4 52,664 1,096
Vitiligo impact scale: An instrument to assess the psychosocial burden of vitiligo
Gaurang S Krishna, M Ramam, Manju Mehta, V Sreenivas, Vinod K Sharma, Sujay Khandpur
March-April 2013, 79(2):205-210
Background : Vitiligo is a disease that significantly impairs quality of life. Previous studies have shown that vitiligo has an impact that may not correlate with the size and extent of depigmentation, indicating a need for an independent measure of the psychosocial burden. Aims : To develop a rating scale to assess the psychosocial impact of vitiligo. Methods : The study was undertaken in three broad phases: item generation, pre- and pilot testing, and test administration. Items were generated largely from a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews of patients. Face and content validity were assessed through pre- and pilot testing in 80 patients and the final version was administered to 100 patients who also received the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and the Skindex-16. Each patient also underwent a physician global assessment (PGA) of the impact of vitiligo. Test-retest reliability was assessed in 20 patients. Results: Of 72 items initially generated for the scale, 27 were retained in the final version. Subjects were able to comprehend the items and took about 5-7 min to complete the instrument. The scale was internally consistent (Cronbach's α = 0.85). Scores on the scale correlated moderately well with the DLQI and the Skindex (Spearman rank correlation: 0.51 and 0.65, respectively). The scale was able to discriminate between patients having mild and those having moderate and severe impact as assessed by PGA. The test-retest reliability coefficient (Spearman rank correlation) was 0.80. Conclusion: The Vitiligo Impact Scale appears to be a valid measure of the psychosocial impact of vitiligo and this instrument may be useful both in the clinic and in clinical trials.
  3 5,828 372
Erythema elevatum diutinum
Vikas Sharma, Vikram K Mahajan, Karaninder S Mehta, Pushpinder S Chauhan, Bal Chander
March-April 2013, 79(2):238-239
  2 6,282 264
Eruptive collagenoma
Reena Sharma, Prashant Verma, Archana Singal, Sonal Sharma
March-April 2013, 79(2):256-258
  2 6,374 124
Intraneural granular cell tumor of the dorsal ramus of a thoracic nerve
Yoshiyuki Nakamura, Yuka Iino, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Yasuhiro Fujisawa, Yasuhiro Kawachi, Fujio Otsuka
March-April 2013, 79(2):258-260
  2 1,944 45
The frequency of osteoporosis in patients with pemphigus vulgaris on treatment
Derya UÁmak, Mehmet Harman, Feyzullah UÁmak, Veysi Akpolat
March-April 2013, 79(2):211-215
Background: Pemphigus vulgaris was almost fatal before the advent of glucocorticoids. Unfortunately, the high doses and prolonged administration of glucocorticoids, which often needed to control the disease, result in numerous adverse effects many of which are serious. Aims: To evaluate the patients with pemphigus vulgaris on treatment in respect of osteoporosis and to compare the frequency of osteoporosis in these patients with the healthy ones. Methods: The study consisted of 40 patients with pemphigus vulgaris and 34 healthy controls. Bone mineral density measurements were obtained by dual- energy X-ray absorptiometry. Blood serum, bone parameters, and biochemical hormonal measurements were examined in both groups. Results: When the bone mineral density values of patients with pemphigus vulgaris were compared with those of the control group, there was no significant difference between hip bone mineral density values, while lumbar region T and Z scores were found significantly low in the patient group (p = 0.034 and p = 0.006, respectively). Osteoporosis, osteopenia, and normal dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry rates in the patient group were found to be 32.5%, 32.5%, and 35%, respectively. These rates were found to be 18%, 23%, and 59% in control group, respectively. There were more fractures in the patient group and the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.004). Conclusion: An increase in osteoporosis frequency and secondary fracture to osteoporosis in the patients with pemphigus vulgaris was detected.
  2 2,036 169
Morphometric study of microvessels, epidermal characteristics and inflammation in psoriasis vulgaris with their correlations
Dibyajyoti Boruah, Nikhil Moorchung, Biju Vasudevan, Ajay Malik, Manas Chatterjee
March-April 2013, 79(2):216-223
Background: Vascular proliferation, inflammation and epidermal changes are important features in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Aims: In this study we attempted an objective evaluation of these parameters using morphometry. Methods: Inflammation, microvessels and epidermal parameters were assessed in 50 newly diagnosed cases of psoriasis vulgaris (between 01 Nov 2008 and 31 Oct 2011) by morphometry. Parameters studied were microvessel density, microvessel caliber, inflammatory cell density in dermis, ratio between inner and outer epidermal length, maximum epidermal thickness, minimum epidermal thickness and difference between maximum epidermal thickness and minimum epidermal thickness. Results: Microvessel caliber showed moderate correlation (r = 0.645) and microvessel density, weak correlation (r = 0.226) with inflammatory cell density in dermis. Both these parameters also showed mild positive correlation with "ratio between inner and outer epidermal length". All parameters except minimum epidermal thickness showed mild positive correlation with inflammatory cell density in dermis. Conclusion: All microvessels and epidermal parameters showed positive correlation with dermal inflammation; and epidermal parameters exhibited positive correlation with micro-vascular dilation. It is likely that inflammation is a key factor in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
  2 2,680 141
Efficacy and safety of Erbium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet fractional resurfacing laser for treatment of facial acne scars
Balakrishnan Nirmal, Sathish B Pai, Handattu Sripathi, Raghavendra Rao, Smitha Prabhu, Mohan H Kudur, Sudhir U. K. Nayak
March-April 2013, 79(2):193-198
Background: Treatment of acne scars with ablative fractional laser resurfacing has given good improvement. But, data on Indian skin are limited. A study comparing qualitative, quantitative, and subjective assessments is also lacking. Aim: Our aim was to assess the improvement of facial acne scars with Erbium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Er:YAG) 2940 nm fractional laser resurfacing and its adverse effects in 25 patients at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methods: All 25 patients received four treatment sessions with Er:YAG fractional laser at 1-month interval. The laser parameters were kept constant for each of the four sittings in all patients. Qualitative and quantitative assessments were done using Goodman and Barron grading. Subjective assessment in percentage of improvement was also documented 1 month after each session. Photographs were taken before each treatment session and 1 month after the final session. Two unbiased dermatologists performed independent clinical assessments by comparing the photographs. The kappa statistics was used to monitor the agreement between the dermatologists and patients. Results: Most patients (96%) showed atleast fair improvement. Rolling and superficial box scars showed higher significant improvement when compared with ice pick and deep box scars. Patient's satisfaction of improvement was higher when compared to physician's observations. No serious adverse effects were noted with exacerbation of acne lesions forming the majority. Conclusion: Ablative fractional photothermolysis is both effective and safe treatment for atrophic acne scars in Indian skin.Precise evaluation of acne scar treatment can be done by taking consistent digital photographs.
  2 6,375 286
Tattoo reactions-An epidemic on the surge: A report of 3 cases
Swapnil A Sanghavi, Atul M Dongre, Uday S Khopkar
March-April 2013, 79(2):231-234
Tattooing has been practiced in India since ancient era. It has tremendous religious and spiritual significance. In addition, tattooing for cosmetic purposes has become quite popular in recent times. With this increasing trend, there is also an increased risk of adverse effects. Here, we have described two cases of lichenoid reaction developing to red ink in double- colored tattoos and a case of sarcoidal reaction to green tattoo.
  1 9,861 239
Is there something called adult onset atopic dermatitis in India?
Devinder Mohan Thappa, Munisamy Malathi
March-April 2013, 79(2):145-147
  1 4,810 597
On the etiology and transmission of leprosy in nineteenth century Madras, India
Ramya Raman, Jane Buckingham, Anantanarayanan Raman
March-April 2013, 79(2):261-263
  1 2,587 114
Papulonecrotic tuberculid at the site of tuberculin test in a patient with concomitant erythema induratum and papulonecrotic tuberculid
Atul M Dongre, Swapnil A Sanghavi, Uday S Khopkar
March-April 2013, 79(2):248-251
  1 16,641 123
Xanthoma disseminatum: A red herring xanthomatosis
Vikram K Mahajan, Anju Lath Sharma, Pushpinder S Chauhan, Karaninder S Mehta, Vikas Sharma, Saurabh Sharma
March-April 2013, 79(2):253-254
  1 4,804 120
The "henna stone" myth
Esen ÷zkaya, Kurtulus D Yazganoglu, Aysem Arda, Zeynep Topkarci, Erol ErÁag
March-April 2013, 79(2):254-256
  1 2,212 76
The comparative efficacy and safety of azathioprine vs methotrexate as steroid-sparing agent in the treatment of airborne-contact dermatitis due to Parthenium
Dipankar De, Rishu Sarangal, Sanjeev Handa
March-April 2013, 79(2):240-241
  1 3,487 245
Acrodermatitis enteropathica in three siblings
Ayse Serap Karadag, Serap Gunes Bilgili, Omer Calka
March-April 2013, 79(2):268-268
  1 3,497 139
Behcet's disease in India: A dermatological perspective
Archana Singal, Namrata Chhabra, Deepika Pandhi, Jolly Rohatgi
March-April 2013, 79(2):199-204
Background : Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic, recurrent, multi-system inflammatory disorder involving mucocutaneous (MC), ocular, intestinal, articular, vascular, urogenital and neurologic systems. BD occurs with a high prevalence in the Mediterranean population. There is scarcity of clinical data on BD from India with only three case series in the last two decades. Aims: To study demographic profile, clinical manifestations and treatment outcome of patients with BD presenting to the dermatologic clinic in a tertiary hospital in north India. Methods: Prospective analysis of all patients diagnosed to have BD between 1997 to 2011. Result: Twenty nine patients were diagnosed to have BD. The disease had a female preponderance (M:F = 1:3.8) with a mean age of disease onset of 27.4 (range 16-61) years. The prevalence of various MC and systemic manifestations are as follows: oral aphthae (100%), genital aphthae (93.1%), erythema nodosum (62%), papulopustular and acneiform lesions (31%), articular involvement (68.9%), ocular involvement (31%) and gastrointestinal (GI) involvement (3.4%) . Pathergy test positivity was observed in 31%. The treatment comprised of colchicine (16/29 patients), dapsone (7/29), dapsone with pentoxiphylline (3/29), systemic steroid (2/29), systemic steroid with methotrexate (1/29). Colchicine was effective and well tolerated in all patients. Conclusion: The disease occurs in a much milder form in India and is primarily mucocutaneous and arthritic. A high index of suspicion in patients with MC lesions may result in early diagnosis, management and prevention of complications of BD. We suggest colchicine as an effective and safe therapeutic option for MC and joint involvement.
  1 8,875 429
Auto-amputation of penis due to carcinoma: Still a threat in the era of modern medicine: Report of two cases
Bastab Ghosh, Ramanitharan Manikandan, Lalgudi N Dorairajan, Santosh Kumar
March-April 2013, 79(2):224-226
Incidence of penile carcinoma is decreasing worldwide. Nevertheless, the incidence of penile cancer is still significant in various tropical countries, and it often presents in advanced stage. We report two unique cases of penile auto-amputation due to advanced cancer and review relevant literature. Both the patients presented with ulcerative lesion replacing penile base following automatic sloughing of the whole penis and voiding dysfunction. In addition, the first patient had metastatic inguinal lymph nodes. Supra-pubic urinary diversion was the initial management in both the patients. The first patient was treated with combined chemo-radiation, but he succumbed to death following two cycles of chemotherapy. The second patient was successfully treated with total penectomy and perineal urethrostomy. He recovered well but was lost to follow-up.
  - 13,921 74
Bowen's disease on finger: A diagnostic and therapeutic challenge
Saurabh Singh, Binod K Khaitan, Mehar Chand Sharma, Vuthaluru Seenu, Mahesh Kumawat, Priti Chatterjee
March-April 2013, 79(2):227-230
Bowen's disease commonly presents as a solitary asymptomatic plaque involving head and neck region or lower limbs. We present a case of a sixty seven-year-old man with an itchy, oozy, crusted solitary plaque on the right ring finger of eighteen months duration with histopathology consistent with Bowen's disease. The lesion was initially treated with topical 5% imiquimod but due to relapse and inadequate response to a second course, complete surgical excision followed by full thickness skin grafting was done. Recurrence after about 6 months in the form of a small papule adjacent to the initial site was also treated with excision. This report highlights the potential of Bowen's disease to mimic more common dermatoses and a high index of suspicion, supported by histopathology, is required to diagnose and treat it without delay, which in turn may require a multimodality approach. We also reviewed the current literature on the same.
  - 4,895 171
Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa: A rare presentation with asymptomatic lesions
Sangita Ghosh, Soumik Chaudhuri, Vijay Kumar Jain
March-April 2013, 79(2):235-237
Epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa (EBP) is a subtype of dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DDEB) and is clinically characterized by pruritic lichenified plaques or prurigo-like lesions with violaceous linear scarring. Pruritus has always been described as one of the most striking features in EBP. Mutations in COL7A gene, especially in the glycine residue, have been shown to cause this form of DDEB. In this report, we describe a north Indian familial clustering of three cases of EBP, spread across two generations, presenting with hypertrophic lichenoid cutaneous lesions, which were completely asymptomatic. Clinical and histopathological analysis favored the diagnosis of EBP in all three cases. They are being reported for their unusual asymptomatic presentation.
  - 3,168 142

March-April 2013, 79(2):164-164
  - 1,306 58
Synopsis of training programme for dermatologists in non-pharmacological (Psychological) interventions in dermatology
Sudhir Nayak, Shrutakirthi Shenoi
March-April 2013, 79(2):275-278
  - 2,259 109
Comparison of direct microscopic methods using potassium hydroxide, periodic acid Schiff, and calcofluor white with culture in the diagnosis of onychomycosis
Sachin Yadav, AK Saxena, Malini R Capoor, V Ramesh
March-April 2013, 79(2):242-243
  - 3,787 185
Treatment of nevus spilus with Q switched Nd:YAG laser
Hemanta Kar, Lipy Gupta
March-April 2013, 79(2):243-245
  - 10,387 156
Six novel mutations of ATP2C1 identified in eight Chinese patients with Hailey-Hailey disease
Hongqing Tian, Mingfei Chen, Jiabao You, Xi'an Fu, Hong Liu, Zhongxiang Shi, Meiling Yu, Mei Wu, Yongxiang Yu, Gongqi Yu, Furen Zhang
March-April 2013, 79(2):245-247
  - 2,536 57
Using blue gel pen to mark freckles during Q-switched laser therapy
Xiu-jun Liu, Meng-hua Huo
March-April 2013, 79(2):247-248
  - 2,607 76
Multiple cutaneous reticulohistiocytomas along the lines of Blaschko associated with lichen striatus
Bruno Sim„o dos Santos, Enoi Aparecida Guedes Vilar, Paula Martins Freitas, Sandra Maria Barbosa Dur„es, Elisa Estrella
March-April 2013, 79(2):251-252
  - 2,422 66
Detection of the STS gene in a family with X-linked recessive ichthyosis
Na Wang, Kun An, Hong Liu, Xi'an Fu, Gongqi Yu, Yongxiang Yu, Hongqing Tian, Furen Zhang
March-April 2013, 79(2):268-268
  - 2,859 56
Late-onset acquired dermal melanocytosis on the hand of a Chinese woman
Felicia Permatasari, Bing R Zhou, Dan Luo
March-April 2013, 79(2):269-269
  - 3,629 73
Superficial white onychomycosis due to Trichophyton rubrum in a two-year-old child
Gong Yu, Wu Jianhua
March-April 2013, 79(2):269-269
  - 2,610 76
Bullous auto erythrocyte sensitization syndrome in alcohol dependence
Sandeep Arora, Gulhima Arora, Anindya K Gupta, Gurdeep Singh
March-April 2013, 79(2):269-269
  - 2,108 74
Plica neuropathica (polonica): Clinical and dermoscopic features
Nishant B Ghodake, Nidhi Singh, Devinder M Thappa
March-April 2013, 79(2):269-269
  - 10,814 205
An unusual case of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome with unilateral linear distribution
Yang Xu, Bingrong Zhou, Meihua Zhang, Dan Luo
March-April 2013, 79(2):269-270
  - 2,902 76
Screening for skin diseases among primary school children in a rural area of Puducherry
Suman Saurabh, Swaroop K Sahu, Aswanthi Sadishkumar, Jibin C Kakkanattu, Indumathi Prapath, Isaac Lalfakzuala Ralte, Viravo Kar
March-April 2013, 79(2):268-268
  - 2,606 156
Minimal erythema dose to targeted phototherapy in vitiligo patients in Indian skin
C Shanmuga Sekar, Chakravarthi Rangachari Srinivas
March-April 2013, 79(2):268-268
  - 4,212 208
Achromatic atrophic macules and patches of upper extremities
Joon S Park, In S Chae, In Y Kim, Dong K Ko, Hyun Chung, Sung W Lee
March-April 2013, 79(2):270-270
  - 3,752 160
The exemplary life of Dr. J. W. Aurangabadkar: A humble and humane dermatologist
Raghunath Patnaik
March-April 2013, 79(2):273-274
  - 10,196 82
Asymptomatic nodule on the scalp
Swapnil A Sanghavi, Atul M Dongre, Prateek Oswal, Uday S Khopkar
March-April 2013, 79(2):271-272
  - 2,776 164
Pregnancy and varicella infection: A resident's quest
Sangita Ghosh, Soumik Chaudhuri
March-April 2013, 79(2):264-267
  - 11,857 1,370
Through the looking-glass
Vinod E Nambudiri
March-April 2013, 79(2):148-150
  - 2,603 185
Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow