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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2005| May-June  | Volume 71 | Issue 3  
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A study of serum nitric oxide levels in psoriasis
Neeta R Gokhale, Vasudha A Belgaumkar, Dakshayani P Pandit, Shantanu Deshpande, Dhananjay K Damle
May-June 2005, 71(3):175-178
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16232  PMID:16394406
BACKGROUND: M any inter and intracellular mediators have been implicated in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Nitric oxide has been shown to play an important role in many diseases. Previous studies have demonstrated raised levels of nitric oxide in psoriatic plaques which may be attributed to its effect on keratinocytes, on local cGMP levels or its ability to induce angiogenesis. AIMS: To detect serum nitric oxide (NO) levels in patients with active psoriasis, to correlate these levels with severity of disease and compare them with those in normal individuals. METHODS: Thirty six patients with active psoriasis were selected after written consent. All patients on topical or systemic treatment for fifteen days prior to the study were excluded. Disease severity was assessed by PASI score and serum nitric oxide levels were detected by Greiss method and compared with age and sex matched controls. Statistical analysis of all data was done by unpaired t test. RESULTS: Out of 36 patients, 30 had chronic plaque psoriasis (mean NO 157.5), 4 had erythroderma (mean NO 120.2) and 2 had generalized pustular psoriasis (mean NO 144.3). The mean NO level in the psoriatic group was 157.7 with SD 50.4 while in the control group it was 32.8 with SD 4.03. The difference was statistically significant (t=13.8, P <0.001). In the chronic plaque group, as the duration of disease increased, the NO levels increased significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Nitric oxide levels were significantly increased in patients with psoriasis and these levels showed a positive correlation with severity and duration in the chronic plaque type group.
  20 7,860 304
Epidemiological and clinicopathological study of oral leukoplakia
Minati Mishra, Janardan Mohanty, Sujata Sengupta, Satyabrata Tripathy
May-June 2005, 71(3):161-165
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16229  PMID:16394403
BACKGROUND: Oral white lesions that cannot be clinically or pathologically characterized by any specific disease are referred to as leukoplakia. Such lesions are well known for their propensity for malignant transformation to the extent of 10-20%.Exfoliative cytology is a simple and useful screening tool for detection of malignant or dysplastic changes in such lesions. AIMS: A clinicoepidemiological and cytological study of oral leukoplakia was undertaken to detect their malignant potential and value of cytology in diagnosis. METHODS: This 2 year duration multicentre study was undertaken on all patients presenting with oral white lesions to the out patient department of the two institutions. Those cases in which a specific cause (infective, systemic disease or specific disease entity) for the white lesions were elicited were excluded from the study. The group with idiopathic white lesions was included in the study and was subjected to periodic exfoliative cytological study at three monthly intervals to detect any malignant change. Patients presenting less than two times for follow up were excluded from the final analysis of the study. RESULTS: Out of total 2920 patients studied, 89.53% showed benign, 9.93% showed dysplastic and, 0.72% showed malignant cells on exfoliative cytological study. All the dysplastic and malignant lesions were subjected to histopathological study by incisional biopsy. Among the dysplastic lesions 13.79% proved benign and the rest true dysplastic. Among the cytologically malignant group 4.76% showed dysplasia and the rest true malignant lesions. CONCLUSION: Persistent leukoplakia has a potential for malignant transformation and exfoliative cytology could be a simple method for early detection of dysplastic and malignant changes.
  16 16,760 1,076
Penicillamine induced pseudoxanthoma elasticum with elastosis perforans serpiginosa
Namita Rath, Amit Bhardwaj, Hemant Kumar Kar, PK Sharma, Meenakhshi Bharadwaj, SC Bharija
May-June 2005, 71(3):182-185
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16234  PMID:16394408
Long term D-penicillamine therapy, especially when used to treat Wilson's disease has been shown to cause elastosis perforans serpiginosa, pseudoxanthoma elasticum perforans and other degenerative dermatoses. We report a 23-year-old male patient who presented with multiple firm papules, nodules over the neck, axillae, front of elbows for five years. He was a known case of Wilson's disease on long-term treatment with penicillamine for the past 12 years. The papulonodular lesions were non-tender and some were discrete while others were arranged in a circinate pattern. There was central scarring of the skin within the circinate lesions. In addition, there were several small yellowish papules on both sides of the neck which eventually became confluent to form plaques. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of elastosis perforans serpiginosa and pseudoxanthoma elasticum. He was treated with cryotherapy (using liquid nitrogen through cryojet) for former lesions. The lesions showed remarkable improvement after five sittings. Now the patient is under trientine hydrochloride (750 mg twice daily) for Wilson's disease.
  15 6,571 225
Lichen amyloidosus: A study of clinical, histopathologic and immunofluorescence findings in 30 cases
T Salim, SD Shenoi, C Balachandran, Vandana Rai Mehta
May-June 2005, 71(3):166-169
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16230  PMID:16394404
BACKGROUND: Lichen amyloidosus (LA) is a primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis characterized clinically by discrete hyperkeratotic hyperpigmented papules and histologically by deposition of amyloid material in previously normal skin without any evidence of visceral involvement. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to study the etiology, clinical features, histopathology and direct immunofluorescence findings in LA. METHODS: A prospective study of 30 patients with clinical, histological and immunofluorescence findings suggestive of LA was undertaken. After a detailed history and clinical examination, two punch biopsies for histopathology and immunofluorescence were taken. RESULTS: Of the 30 patients, 19 (63.3%) were males and 11 (36.7%) were females with duration of LA ranging from 6-20 months. Pruritus was the presenting symptom in 27 (90%) patients. Shin was involved in 26 (86.7%) followed by arms in three (10%) and back in one (3.3%). Seventeen patients (56%) had used scrubs for more than 2 years. Histopathology, direct immunofluorescence and Congo red staining detected amyloid in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: LA commonly presents over the shins as pruritic discrete hyperpigmented papules. Familial predisposition and friction may have a pathogenic role. Histopathological examination is very useful in the detection of amyloid which may be supplemented with direct immunofluorescence and Congo red staining.
  15 10,891 462
Photodynamic therapy in dermatology
Chitra S Nayak
May-June 2005, 71(3):155-160
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16228  PMID:16394402
Photodynamic therapy is a new modality of therapy being used for the diagnosis and treatment of many tumors. It is now being increasingly used for skin tumors and other dermatological disorders. With its range of application it is certainly the therapy of the future. Its mechanism of action is by the Type II photo-oxidative reaction. The variables are the photosensitizer, the tissue oxygenation and the light source. It has been used to treat various disorders including Bowen's disease, actinic keratoses, squamous cell carcinomas, basal cell carcinomas, and mycosis fungoides. The side-effects are fortunately mild and transient. Newer photosensitisers like methyl aminolevulinate hold a lot of promise for better therapy.
  14 16,860 1,333
Early detection of alkaptonuria
Shyam B Verma
May-June 2005, 71(3):189-191
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16236  PMID:16394410
Alkaptonuria is a rare disorder of metabolism characterized by deficiency of homogentisic acid oxidase. This leads to the characteristic features like darkening of urine, ochronosis and arthropathy. Darkening of urine is one of the first symptoms noticed by the parents of the child suffering from this disorder. Ochronosis is seen in various organs like eyes, skin, tendons and joints. A case of 10 year old boy is reported who was brought to this clinic with the presenting complaint of bluish discoloration of sclerae. This discoloration led to eliciting positive history of dark urine off and on. Further investigations confirmed alkaptonuria.
  11 10,173 315
Penicillium marneffei infection: An AIDS-defining illness
JK Maniar, AR Chitale, Autar Miskeen, Keyur Shah, Alok Maniar
May-June 2005, 71(3):202-204
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16241  PMID:16394415
A 29-year-old HIV seropositive male patient from Manipur presented with fever, cough, weight loss and asymptomatic papules and nodules all over the body. Differential diagnoses of secondary syphilis, histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis and penicilliosis were considered. Histopathological and mycological study of the skin biopsy tissue, and blood culture confirmed the diagnosis of penicilliosis. Although penicilliosis, an AIDS-defining illness, is restricted to Southeast Asia, more and more cases are being recognized in non-endemic countries.
  11 7,456 261
Serum zinc level in vitiligo: A case control study
P Shameer, P V S Prasad, PK Kaviarasan
May-June 2005, 71(3):206-207
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16243  PMID:16394417
  11 10,747 332
Pitted keratolysis
Gurcharan Singh, Chandra L Naik
May-June 2005, 71(3):213-215
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16250  PMID:16394424
  11 25,707 691
Florid cutaneous papillomatosis with adenocarcinoma of stomach in a 35 year old male
MK Singhi, LK Gupta, Mohit Bansal, Vinod Jain, Dilip Kachhawa
May-June 2005, 71(3):195-196
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16238  PMID:16394412
Various paraneoplastic dermatoses may be seen in association with underlying visceral, especially gastrointestinal, malignancy. Florid cutaneous papillomatosis describes the sudden appearance of multiple acuminate keratotic papules that morphologically resemble viral warts. It may be seen in association with acanthosis nigricans and/or the sign of Leser Trιlat. We report a 35-year-old male with extensive seborrhoeic keratoses and florid cutaneous papillomatosis. Unusually marked verrucous changes caused disfigurement of the hands and feet. The patient also reported dyspepsia, abdominal distention and weight loss 6 months prior to the development of cutaneous lesions. Gastroscopy revealed a large growth in the stomach. Histopathology of the tumor showed features of adenocarcinoma.
  9 6,997 165
Serum zinc and copper levels and Cu: Zn ratio in psoriasis
PK Nigam
May-June 2005, 71(3):205-206
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16242  PMID:16394416
  8 10,068 256
Unilateral linear pansclerotic morphea affecting face and limbs
L Padmavathy, Lakshmana L Rao
May-June 2005, 71(3):192-194
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16237  PMID:16394411
Disabling pansclerotic morphea is a rare atrophying and sclerosing disorder of the subcutaneous tissue, muscle and bone. It is characterized by atrophy of the skin, subcutaneous fat, muscle and bone involving half of the face. In some patients the atrophic lesions extend to involve the ipsilateral or contralateral upper and lower limbs with radiological evidence of hemiatrophy. The patients may present with arthralgia, convulsions or cramps. We report a case of a woman with deformity of face, and left upper and lower limbs that had started as an indurated plaque on the left half of forehead at the age of 5 years and had gradually enlarged, followed by the development of atrophic changes in left eye. The case is being reported in view of its rare occurrence.
  7 8,721 272
Comparative potency of formulations of mometasone furoate in terms of inhibition of 'PIRHR' in the forearm skin of normal human subjects measured with laser doppler velocimetry
Prabhakar Kulhalli, Tejal Chevli, Rupal Karnik, Manish Sheth, Nitin Mulgaonkar
May-June 2005, 71(3):170-174
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16231  PMID:16394405
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Topical glucocorticoid formulations are widely used for effective treatment and control of a variety of dermatoses. Mometasone furoate is a newer corticoid that has high potency but low systemic toxicity. Pharmaceutical factors are known to significantly influence potency and systemic absorption of topically applied glucocorticoids. We studied the potency of "Elocon", a topical formulation of mometasone furoate, compared with two other branded formulations of the same corticoid. METHODS: Corticoid potency was measured by employing a pharmacodynamic parameter of an inhibitory effect of the corticoid on post-ischemic-reactive-hyperemic-response (PIRHR) in human forearm skin under occlusive dressing. The PIRHR was expressed in terms of % increase in the skin blood flow (SBF) as measured with laser doppler velocimetry (LDV). RESULTS : All three active branded formulations of mometasone furoate produced significant inhibition of PIRHR. The AUC(0-2min) of PIRHR was ( Mean ± SEM ), Control = 213.52 ± 11.80, Placebo = 209.77 ± 19.31, Formulation A = 119.83 ± 13.71, Formulation C = 53.67 ± 4.85 and Formulation D = 111.46 ± 22.87. Formulation "C" exhibited significantly higher topical anti-inflammatory potency than formulations "A" or "D". CONCLUSIONS: Thus, branded formulations of the same glucocorticoid, mometasone furoate significantly differed in their topical anti-inflammatory potency. "Elocon" was significantly more potent than the two other branded formulations studied.
  6 10,912 322
Malignant acanthosis nigricans with liver secondaries from an occult primary adenocarcinoma of gastrointestinal tract
Pradeep S Nair, Prasanna K Moorthy, S Suprakasan, Sabeena Jayapalan, M Sarin
May-June 2005, 71(3):197-198
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16239  PMID:16394413
A 38-year-old female presented with hyperpigmented velvety plaques on the nape and the sides of the neck with diffuse pigmentation of the face and flexures suggestive of acanthosis nigricans. The dorsa of both the hands showed increased rugosity, hyperpigmentation and hyperkeratosis of the palms, suggestive of tripe palms. Investigations revealed multiple secondaries in the liver. Histopathology showed the secondaries to be from adenocarcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract.
  4 6,041 194
Hand eczema-Clinical patterns and role of patch testing
Nanda B Kishore, AD Belliappa, Narendra J Shetty, D Sukumar, S Ravi
May-June 2005, 71(3):207-208
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16244  PMID:16394418
  3 5,289 337
Chronic granulomatous disease
Pradeep S Nair, Prasanna K Moorthy, S Suprakasan, Sabeena Jayapalan, K Preethi
May-June 2005, 71(3):199-201
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16240  PMID:16394414
A 2½-year-old child presented with multiple discrete granulomatous lesions on the face and flexural regions since the age of 2 months along with lymphadenopathy. The patient also had recurrent bouts of pyodermas and respiratory tract infections. Biopsy of the lesion showed necrosis of tissue with suppuration and histiocytes but no evidence of tuberculosis, fungal infections or atypical mycobacteria. Lymph node biopsy also showed necrosis with suppuration but no infective organism. Nitroblue tetrazolium test was negative indicating that the neutrophils failed to oxidize the dye. We are reporting here a rare case of chronic granulomatous disease.
  2 8,560 214
Gastric carcinoma presenting as cutaneous metastases
Kumar Prabhash, Vineet Talwar, AK Vaid, DC Doval
May-June 2005, 71(3):208-209
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16245  PMID:16394419
  2 4,780 110
Multidermatomal herpes zoster in an immunocompetent female
Lalit Kumar Gupta, CM Kuldeep, Asit Mittal, Himanshu Singhal
May-June 2005, 71(3):210-211
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16247  PMID:16394421
  2 7,243 160
Clinical profile of forefoot eczema: A study of 42 cases
Kamal Jeet Brar, SD Shenoi, C Balachandran, Vandana Rai Mehta
May-June 2005, 71(3):179-181
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16233  PMID:16394407
BACKGROUND : Forefoot eczema (FE) is characterized by dry fissured dermatitis of the plantar surface of the feet. AIM : To study the clinical profile of FE and the possible etiological factors. METHODS : Forty-two patients with FE were included in the study. A detailed history was recorded and examination done. Fungal scrapings and patch test with Indian Standard Series (ISS) were performed in all patients. RESULTS : The most common site affected was the plantar surface of the great toe in 16 (38.09%) patients. Hand involvement, with fissuring and soreness of the fingertips and palm, was seen in four patients (9.5%). Seven patients (16.6%) had a personal history of atopy whereas family history of atopy was present in six (14.2%). Seven patients (16.6%) reported aggravation of itching with plastic, rubber or leather footwear, and 13 (30.9%), with detergents and prolonged contact with water. Negative fungal scrapings in all patients ruled out a dermatophyte infection. Patch testing with ISS was performed in 19 patients and was positive in five. CONCLUSIONS : FE is a distinctive dermatosis of the second and third decade, predominantly in females, with a multifactorial etiology, possible factors being chronic irritation, atopy, footwear and seasonal influence.
  2 7,590 242
Extrusion of sebaceous gland and hair follicle into a blister of bullous pemphigoid
S Veeranna
May-June 2005, 71(3):209-210
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16246  PMID:16394420
  1 3,921 109
Wheat induced urticaria?
M Ramam
May-June 2005, 71(3):211-212
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16248  PMID:16394422
  1 4,056 154
Hyperpigmented patch on the trunk of a neonate
Aparna Palit, Arun C Inamadar, SB Athanikar, VV Sampagavi, NS Deshmukh, BR Yelikar
May-June 2005, 71(3):217-218
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16252  PMID:16394425
  1 4,446 209
Anesthesia for dermatological surgery
Madhusudan Upadya, Gatha M Upadya
May-June 2005, 71(3):145-154
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16227  PMID:16394401
Knowledge of local anesthesia is critically important to perform dermatological surgery. Local anesthetics when used judiciously are extremely safe and allow dermatologists to perform a variety of procedures. This article aims to provide an updated review of local anesthesia and local anesthetic drugs. Side effects of local anesthetics and techniques of regional anesthesia are discussed and some commonly used nerve blocks are explained. A detailed knowledge of the pharmacology of local anesthetics aids in optimal therapeutic use, and in prevention, early diagnosis and management of their toxicities by the clinician.
  1 15,220 663
Essential dermatology, venereology and leprosy
Maria C Kuruvila
May-June 2005, 71(3):216-216
  - 3,343 78
Ehlers danlos syndrome in two siblings
MN Das, A Ghorpade, P Mercy, TK Pandey, R Sharma
May-June 2005, 71(3):186-188
DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.16235  PMID:16394409
Two cases of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome affecting two real brothers are being reported. Both of them presented with features of atrophy and hyperextensibility of skin, hypermobility of joints and scarring at the sites of trauma. The elder brother also had kyphoscoliosis and hypogonadism with testicular failure.
  - 6,079 138
IJDVL: Looking back at the year 2004-2005
Uday Khopkar
May-June 2005, 71(3):219-220
  - 2,662 62
Response by the authors
Monica Uppal, CR Srinivas
May-June 2005, 71(3):212-212
  - 2,470 56
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