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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 357-358

Castellaniís paint

MK Shah 
 Bhatia General Hospital, Tardeo, Mumbai - 400007, India

Correspondence Address:
M K Shah
Bhatia General Hospital, Tardeo, Mumbai - 400007
India




How to cite this article:
Shah M K. Castellaniís paint.Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2003;69:357-358


How to cite this URL:
Shah M K. Castellaniís paint. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2003 [cited 2020 May 27 ];69:357-358
Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2003/69/5/357/5756


Full Text

Castellani's paint was perfected in 1905 by Aldo Castellani (1878-1971), an Italian physician and a specialist in tropical diseases. Castellani's paint is an excellent preparation for tinea cruris and moniliasis of intertriginous areas.[1] It is effective in pustular dermatoses of the hands and feet,[2] and has also been recommended for pruritus ani and pruritus vulvae.[3] Colorless Castellani's paint may be used to reduce secondary bacterial contamination in onycholysis and in chronic paronychia.[4]



 Castellani's paint[5]



Basic fuchsin 0.3

Ethyl alcohol 95% 10.0

Boric acid 1.0

Phenol liquef. 4.0

Acetone 5.0

Resorcinol 10.0

Water to 100.0



Sig: Apply to affected areas at night with a cotton-tipped applicator daily at night. Then dry and dust with talc.



A colorless variety exists that is cosmetically more acceptable and less irritating, but purportedly less effective:

Alcohol 90% 8.5%

Boric acid 0.8%

Phenol 4.0%

Acetone 4.0%

Resorcinol 8.0%

Water to 100.0%



 Role of the ingredients



Magenta or basic fuchsin:[6] Basic fuchsin is a dark purple liquid that appears red on the skin and can stain. It has local anesthetic, bactericidal (Gram positive) and fungicidal properties. It has also been reported to stimulate granulation tissue and epithelialization.



Ethyl alcohol: This has been used in Castellani's paint for its cooling properties.



Boric acid: Boric acid presumably has been included for antiseptic properties. It is rarely used topically nowadays because it is toxic when absorbed.



Phenol: Phenol is basically a caustic agent, which at lower concentrations inhibits nerve endings, acting as an anti-pruritic. However, high concentrations over large areas on the body can be toxic, particularly for the kidneys.



Acetone: Acetone is a solvent with cooling and cleansing properties.



Resorcinol: Resorcinol is an important constituent of Castellani's paint. It has anti-pruritic, keratolytic, anti-mycotic and anti-eczematous properties.



 Precautions





Initial irritation or stinging may occur, and can be circumvented by using half-strength Castellani's paint for the first few times. Castellani's paint is preferably avoided in infants and children because of the potential for percutaneous absorption of phenol.[7] Rarely, allergic eczematous contact dermatitis to resorcinol in Castellani's paint used to mark radiotherapy ports has been reported.[8] Patients need to be warned regarding the staining of the clothes with Castellani's paint.



 Castellani's paint in contemporary practice



Castellani's paint dramatically improves inflamed tinea cruris and intertrigo of the groins, particularly in patients with a history of long-term topical steroid application. Applying Castellani's paint is an effective way to dry oozing lesions, particularly in the groins and the toe webs.[9]

References

1Litt JZ. Alternative topical therapy. Dermatol Clin 1989;7:43-52.
2Rees RB. A compilation of alternative therapies. Dermatol Clin 1989;7:53-62.
3Griffiths WAD, Wilkinson JD. Topical therapy. In: Champion RH, Burton JL, Burns DA, Breathnach SM, editors. Rook/Wilkinson/Ebling Textbook of Dermatology. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.
4Domonkos AN, Arnold HL Jr, Odom RB. Andrews' Diseases of the skin. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company; 1982.
5Arndt KA, Bowers KE. Manual of dermatologic therapeutics. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
6Rogers SC, Burrows D, Neill D. Percutaneous absorption of phenol and methyl alcohol in Magenta paint BPC. Br J Dermatol 1978;98:559-60.
7Marks JG Jr, West GW. Allergic eczematous contact dermatitis to radiotherapy dye. Contact Dermatitis 1978;4:1-2.
8Bielan B. 'If it's wet, dry it; if it's dry, wet it.' Occup Health Saf 1978;47:23-4.

 

Wednesday, May 27, 2020
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