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LETTER TO EDITOR
  
Year : 2003  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 196-197

Diet in dermatology

CS Sirka, Bornali Dulte 
 From the Department of Dermato-Venereology AIMS, New Delhi-110029, India

Correspondence Address:
C S Sirka
From the Department of Dermato-Venereology AIMS, New Delhi-110029
India




How to cite this article:
Sirka C S, Dulte B. Diet in dermatology.Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2003;69:196-197


How to cite this URL:
Sirka C S, Dulte B. Diet in dermatology. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2003 [cited 2019 May 27 ];69:196-197
Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2003/69/2/196/7976


Full Text

To the editor

We read the article entitled "Diet in Dermatology" by H. Hanumanthappa[1] with great interest and would like to put forward few comments and additional diet related dermatoses to the list. At the outset we would like to enumerate few additional dermatoses having relation with diet.

 Telogen effluvium



Sudden reduction of food intake as observed in "crash dieters"[2] and in individuals on restrictive diets and starvation[3] is associated with telogen effluvium. It is possibly due to acute protein deprivation to the hair matrix formation and sudden entry of large percentage of hairs into the telogen phase and subsequently hair fall.[4]

Other dietary aberrations related to hair loss but not necessarily due to telogen effluvium are hypervitaminosis, often secondary to renal dialysis, anorexia nervosa,[5] deficiency of iron,[6] zinc,[7] biotin,[8] essential fatty acid, and lathyrism.[9]

 Pemphigus vulgaris



Many food substances containing thiols, thiocyanates, phenols and tannins in the form of fruits, leaves, roots, seeds, beverages and even water can go a long way in precipitating pemphigus in a genetically predisposed individual.[10]

Though the definite agent or cause is difficult to specify, the wide array of substances containing moderate to high contents of the incriminated substances are.[11]

Vegetables- garlic, onion, mustard, turnip, brocolli, radish, cabbage, cauliflower, brussel, sprouts, tomatoes, potatoes, leek, chive, shallots.

Fruits and nuts- Mango, pistachio, cashew, guarana, walnut, black walnut, raspberry, cherry, cranberry, black­berry, avocado, banana, pear, peach, persimmon.

Mosticatories and stimulants- Coffee, beans, dry tea leaves, betel nut, betel leaf, katha, cassava

Provisions- beer, wine, soft drink

Miscellaneous- Ice cream, candy spice (chillies mostly), baked foods, nutritional supplements and colouring substabces.

Endemicity of "Fogo selvageum" in Brazil i5 attributable to high tannin content in water from river and addition of chlorine in drinking water leads to formation of hypochlorite ions which neutralizes phenolic compoundss and aids in the control of fogo selvageum.

 Koilonychia



It can be prevented by intake of food rich in iror (liver, meat, poultry, jaggery, green leafy vegetables, cereals, dry fruits, fish.)

 Cutaneous vasculitis



Food additives like tartrazines dye are implicated in causing vasculitis, especially high coloured soft dirnks,[11] causes leucocytoclastic vasculitis following intake of ponceou and fades with abstinence.[12]

 Oculocutaneous tyrosinaemia



Ocular and neurological complications due to the disease oculocutaneous tyrosinaemic can be avoided or minimized by early initiation of low phenylalamine and tyrosine containing diet.[13],[14]

 Idiopathic calcification



Intake of diet low in calcium is helpful in the management of calcinosis universalis.[15]

 Bromhidrosis



Omission of food stuff like garlic improves the condition.

 Fish odour syndrome



Symptoms can be minimized by low choline and ornithine containing food intake like sea fish, eggs, liver, pear, and soyabean.

 Toxic oil syndrome



Rape seed oil (denatured with aniline) used as a cooking oil, has been known to cause multisystem involvement including cutaneous.[16]

 Aphthous ulcers



Some evidence exists to support the role of a gluten free diet in reducing the pain and frequency of aphthous ulcers.[17]

 Allergic contact dermatitis



Partial cross reactivity exists between latex and fruits like banans, chestnut and avocado. Hence a food allergy should be ruled out in latex sensitive persons and vice versa.[18],[20]

 Acanthosis nigricans



Fish oil supplementation has improved the cutaneous conditions in patients of acanthosis nigricans with lipodystrophic diabetes.[21]

 Xanthomatosis



Hypercholesteralemic xanthomatosis is benefited from strict dietary limitation of cholesterol.

Further we would like to comment about the conditions like dermatitis herpetiformis, where besides a gluten free diet, restriction of iodide, milk and an elemental diet intake[22] may favourably effect the course of the disease. Prevention of milk from coming in contact with the gut mucosa, prevent IgA production, which is responsible in the pathogenesis of dermatitis herpetiformis. Iodine containing food (fish, kelp, iodized salt and vitamin) may be removed from patients diet who are not responding to a gluten free diet, as iodides worsen dermatitis herpetiformis by local chemotaxis and stimulating neutrophil migration.

Finally, we would like to conclude with a few words on the mentioned dietary influences on two dermatoses viz acne vulgaris and vitiligo, where we tend to defer. The author has suggested restriction of ice creams, sweets, fats and chocolates for bringing improvement in acne patients. However there is no evidence to support the fact that these mentioned food items could alter sebum composition or affect the disease process. Severe reduction of food intake might reduce subum production, and thereby reduce acne,[23] but this is not recommended.

In vitiligo, avoidance of citrus fruits is now believed to play no role. Since standard textbooks do not recommend avoidance of the same, they can be safely consumed by the patients with vitiligo.

The dermatoses which are due to reduce intake or excessive. intake of diet, are mostly managed by altering the dietary habits of the patients, however appropriate suggestions are required for specific dermatoses or else it may cause some other dermatoses.

References

1Hanumanthappa H. Diet in Dermatology. Indian J Dermatol Venereal Leprol 2001;67:284-286.
2Coette DK, Odom RB. Alopecia in crash dieters. JAMA 1976; 235:2622-2623.
3Kautmon JP T etogen effluvium secondary to starvation diet. Arch Dermatol 1976;112: 731.
4Headington JT Telogen effluvium and review: New concepts. Arch Dermatol 1993;129:356-363.
5Gumimer CL. Diet and hair loss. In Maibach H, Rook AJ, eds. Seminars in Dermatology, vol.4. New York. Thieme Stratton, 1985: 5364.
6Coumaish JH. Metabolic disorders and hair growth. Br J Dermatol 1971; 84:83-85.
7Weismann K. Zinc metabolism and skin. In: Rook A, Savin J, eds Recent Advances in Dermatology. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone 1980; 109-114.
8Sweetman L, Such L, Baker H, et al. Clinical and metabolic abnormalities in a boy with dietary deficiency of biotin. Pediatrics 1981, 68:553-558.
9Lopez NR, Gomex CR. 11. Probable etiologic de la alopecia in lo: enfermos lotiricos esponoies. Arch Neurobioi 1978;41: 461-486.
10Ethel T, Sarah B. Diet and pemphigus. Arch Dermatol 1998; 134 1406-1410.
11Creip LH. Allergic vascular purpura. J Allergy Clinic Immuno 1971; 48: 7-12.
12Voion NK, Krogdshl S. Cutaneous vasculities induced by foot additives. Ada Derm Venereal 1991; 71: 73-78.
13Zaleski WA, Hill A, Kuishniruk W. Skin lesions in tyrosinosis response to dietary treatment. Br J Dermatol 1973; 88: 335-340.
14Ney D, Bay C, Schneilder JA. Dietary management o aculocutaneous tyrosinaemia in an 11 year old child. Am J Dis Chilc 1983;137:995-1000.
15Marks J. Studies with calcium in patients with calcinosis cutis. Br. Dermatol 1970; 82:1-9.
16Tabuenca JM. Toxic allergic syndrome caused by suspected of denatured with aniline. Lancet 1981; 11:567-568.
17Walker DM, Dolby AE, Mead J, et al. Effect of gluten free diet or recurrent aphthous ulceration. Br. J Dermatol 1980; 103: 111.
18Lavaud F, Cossart C, Reiter V, et al. Latex allergy in patients witl allergyto fruit. Lancet 1992; 339: 492-493.
19Rodriguez M, Vega F, Carcia MT, et al. Hypersensitivity to latex chestnut and banana. Ann Allergy 1993; 70: 31-34.
20De corres LF, Monco I, Munoz D et al. Sensitization from chestnut and bananas in patients with urticaria and anaphylaxis from contac with latex. Ann Allergy 1993; 70: 35-39.
21Sheretz EF Improved acanthosis nigricans with lipodystrophic diabete during dietary fish oil supplementation. Arch Dermatol 1988; 124 1094-1096.
22Rackett SC. Rothe MJ, Kels G. Diet and dermatology. J Am Acac Dermatol 1993; 29: 447-461.
23Pochi PE, Downing Dt, Stranos JS. Sebaceous gland response it man to prolonged total calorie deprivation. J Invest Dermatol 1970; 55 303-309.

 

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