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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61

Contact leucoderma caused by lemon

K Kumar, S Saini, RD Mehta, RA Bumb 

Correspondence Address:
K Kumar

How to cite this article:
Kumar K, Saini S, Mehta R D, Bumb R A. Contact leucoderma caused by lemon.Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1996;62:61-61

How to cite this URL:
Kumar K, Saini S, Mehta R D, Bumb R A. Contact leucoderma caused by lemon. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1996 [cited 2019 Apr 24 ];62:61-61
Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?1996/62/1/61/4319

Full Text

 To the Editor,

Contact leucoderma has been reported with bindis and footwear.[1],[2] It is caused mainly by paratertiary butyl phenol used in adhesives of bindi and footwears.[3] We are reporting an unusual case of contact depigmentation due to lemon which was rubbed over the face.

A 20-year-old girl presented with patchy depigmentation which she developed after 5 days of rubbing fresh lemon over the face. After few hours of rubbing, she felt burning over the site. On second day of application she developed redness, itching and scaling. After exfoliation lesions healed within 5 days and left depigmented patches.

Contact depigmentation may be due to direct toxic effect of chemicals on melanocytes[4] or due to development of immunological reaction (contact dermatitis) followed by depigmentation as in bindi dermatitis.[5] In our patient the depigmentation produced by lemon was probably because of direct toxic effect over melanocytes as patch test to lemon juice was negative.


1Pandhi RK, Kumar AS. Contact leucoderma due to bindi and footwear. Dermatologica 1985;170:260-2.
2Mathur AK, Srivastava AK, Singh A, et al. contact depigmentation by adhesive material of bindi. Contact Dermatitis 1991;24:310-1.
3James O, Majes RW, Stevenson CJ. Occupational vitiligo induced by p-tertiary butyl phenol. A systemic disease. Lancet 1977;2:1217-9.
4Mansur JD, Fukuyama K, Gellun GA, et al. Effects of 4 tertiary butyl catechol on tissue cultured melanocytes. J Invest Dermatol 1978;70:275-9.
5Mittal RR, Jassal JS, Popli R, et al. Comparative histopathology of vitiligo and contact depigmentation. Ind J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1992;58:331-3.


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