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Year : 1995  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 143-144

Clinical profile of sexual transmitted diseases in cuttack

J Mohanty, KB Das, C Mishra 
 

Correspondence Address:
J Mohanty


Abstract

Out of total 2330 patients, 516 patients with STD i.e., 22.14%, were analysed during the period 1993 to 1994. Frequency of different STDs observed in order were herpes progenitalis (21.89%), syphilis (16.27%), chancroid (11.82%) and granuloma inguinale (7.55%), gonococcal urethritis and genital warts (3.87% each). L G V was found in 0.58% of cases, HIV infection in 3 cases only (0.56%). Other miscellaneous infections like candidiasis (13.75%), trichomoniasis (2.7%) and molluscum (2.14%) were responsible in 18% as a whole and nonspecific infection in 14%. Most of the patients were married, were from low socio-economic status and there was always a male preponderance with a peak age between 20 to 30 years.



How to cite this article:
Mohanty J, Das K B, Mishra C. Clinical profile of sexual transmitted diseases in cuttack.Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1995;61:143-144


How to cite this URL:
Mohanty J, Das K B, Mishra C. Clinical profile of sexual transmitted diseases in cuttack. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1995 [cited 2019 Jul 24 ];61:143-144
Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?1995/61/3/143/4181


Full Text

 Introduction



Awareness and consequences of sexually transmitted diseases are on the increase the world over and India is no exception to this rule. In fact WHO has ranked the STD as the third commonest disease in India next in importance only to tuberculosis and malaria. After the advent of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS, the impact and importance of STDs have again come to the forefront. Sexual transmission is one of the mode of transmissions of HIV infection.[1] Incidence of STDs varies widely from place to place.[2]

The present study highlights the different trends of STDs in patients, as seen in the coastal area of Orissa, who attended the Department of Skin, STD and Leprosy, SCB Medical College, Cuttack during the period 1993-1994.

 Materials and Methods



Total 2330 new patients who attended the OPD of our Department of Skin, STD and leprosy during the period 1993-94 were analysed. The diagnosis of various STDs was based mainly on history, clinical features and relevant available laboratory investigations.

 Results



There were 516 patients with STD among 2330 patients. Out of these 516 patients 407 (78.8%) were male and 109 (21.13%) were female. M:F ratio was 3.73:1. Ages of the patients varied from 18 to 61 years. Majority of patients (36.15%) belonged to the age group 21-30 years. Most of the patients were married.

Prostitutes were the major source of infection (81%). Friends and relatives were the next possible source of infection (19%). Females mostly got the infection from friends and relatives. Most of the married women blamed their husband for the source of infection.

Majority of patients 367 (71%) were from low socio-economic group and 149 (29%) were from high income group. More than half of the patients were labourers (58.8%).

Frequency of different STDs in the study population is shown in [Table:1].

 Discussion



Like other studies male outnumbered female in the ratio 3.73:1. This may be due to high degree of promiscous sexual behaviour among males; fear of social stigma and lack of typical clinical lesions in females.[1],[2] Majority of the patients were in the age group of 21-30 years, the period of maximum sexual activity as reported by other workers.[2],[3] The females acquire infection mostly from their husband. The prostitutes are the best possible source of infection.[3] Incidence of STDs varies widely from place to place as observed by different workers.[2]

The relative high incidence of genital herpes in this study as also reported by different workers all over the world may be due to increasing availability of laboratory facilities for isolation of the virus inclusion body, non-availability of effective low cost antiviral drugs and associated physical and mental stress and strain. Not a single case of gumma nor a single case of congenital syphilis was seen in the present study justifying the presumption that the patients are generally penicilinised and there is high standard of maternal health check up and treatment.

References

1Arndt K. Manual of dermatologic therapeutics. 4th edn. Boston: Little Brown & Co, 1989:135-46.
2Bhargava NC, Singh OP, Lal N. Analytical study of 1000 cases of venereal disease. Ind J Dermatol Venereol 1975;41:70-3.
3Green M, Moore. The homosexuals in the V D Clinic. Br J Verier Dis 1964;40:135-40.

 

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