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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 85  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 441--447

An update on prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and emerging issues of genital mycoplasma infection in Indian women: A narrative review


Department of Clinical Research, ICMR-National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anushree D Patil
Department of Clinical Research, ICMR-National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health, J. M. Street, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_915_18

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Despite adequate treatment of reproductive tract infection, there is persistence of symptoms in some patients. This raises the possibility of existence of other silent microbes with pathogenic potential. Apart from the common sexually transmitted organisms such as Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, there are other silent and emerging pathogens, like genital mycoplasma, which have been associated with cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and pregnancy-related complications in women. Although these organisms were identified decades ago, they are still overlooked or ignored. There is a need to understand the role played by these organisms in Asian populations and their susceptibility to the standard line of treatment. Data on genital mycoplasma infections in Indian women is heterogeneous, with limited evidence of pathogenicity. Although known for their wide spectrum of reproductive morbidities in western counterparts, these microorganisms are yet to gain the attention of Indian clinicians and microbiologists. There is paucity of adequate information in India regarding these infections, so Indian literature was compiled to get an overview of these pathogens, their association with reproductive morbidities, and their response to treatment. Thus, there is a need to explore genital mycoplasma infections in Indian women, especially in the arena of antimicrobial resistance among genital mycoplasma, which has the potential to become a major problem. A literature search with keywords focusing on “genital mycoplasma”, “sexually transmitted infections India”, “sexually transmitted mycoplasma”, and “characteristic of mycoplasma” was carried out through computerized databases like PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and Google Scholar.






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