| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 163--168
Effectiveness of topical green tea against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in cases of primary pyoderma: An open controlled trial
Nagaraju Umashankar1, Belliappa Pemmanda1, P Gopkumar2, AJ Hemalatha3, Priya K Sundar1, HV Prashanth4
1 Department of Dermatology, Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, India
2 Department of Quality Assurance, GRY Institute of Pharmacy, Khargone, India
3 Department of Preventive Medicine, Oxford Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, India
4 Department of Microbiology, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India
Background: Antimicrobial activity of green tea against Staphylococcus aureus both in vitro and in vivo has been reported recently. Studies on clinical efficacy and safety of green tea as antibacterial agent against S. aureus in human cases are rare.
Objectives: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of topical green tea on primary pyoderma caused by S. aureus. We also attempted to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of green tea against S. aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus.
Methods: Open label, prospective, placebo-controlled study included community-acquired primary pyoderma cases caused by S. aureus. Severity grading was done on a scale of 1–5. Green tea ointment 3% and placebo ointment were used. Cure was defined on the basis of negative culture and assessment of clinical improvement. Minimum inhibitory concentration was determined by agar dilution method. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 16.
Results: Of the 372 patients, 250 received green tea and 122 received placebo. Multidrug-resistant S. aureus was isolated in 89.1% in green tea group and 81.1% in placebo group, respectively. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus was isolated in 24 patients. Cure was seen in 86% in green tea group and 6.6% in placebo group which was statistically very significant. The number of days for comprehensive cure in green tea group was 9.2 ± 6.4 days. All patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus infection in the green tea group were cured. Minimum inhibitory concentration of green tea against S. aureus was 0.0265 ± 0.008 μg/ml and against methicillin-resistant S. aureus was 0.0205 ± 0.003 μg/ml.
Limitations of the Study: Comparative trial was not conducted in the same patient with different lesions; children less than seven years were not considered as the school authorities did not permit for younger children to be included in the study and true randomization and blinding of investigators were not done.
Conclusions: Green tea has a significant antibacterial effect against multidrug-resistant S. aureus. Minimum inhibitory concentration of green tea is established and is promising in methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections.
Dr. Nagaraju Umashankar
Department of Dermatology, Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Mysore Road, Bengaluru - 560 074, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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