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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 81  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 568--575

Sun-related behaviors among individuals previously diagnosed with non-melanoma skin cancer


1 Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, Jackson, MS; Department of Dermatology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
2 Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, Jackson, MS, USA
3 Department of Dermatology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA
4 Department of Health and Human Performance, College of Education, Health, and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Tennessee at Martin, Martin, TN, USA
5 Department of Dermatology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS; Department of Pathology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS; Department of Dermatology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vinayak K Nahar
The University of Mississippi, 236 Turner Center, University, MS 38677
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.168337

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Compared to the general population, the risk of developing non-melanoma skin cancer is considerably higher among individuals with a previous history of this condition. Protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the primary evidence-based approach for minimizing this risk. This review was aimed to assess the prevalence of sun-safe behaviors in non-melanoma skin cancer survivors. Searches were conducted in six electronic databases including PubMed, Psyclnfo, CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC and Science Direct. A narrative approach was adopted to synthesize the data. The findings demonstrated that respondents do not protect themselves optimally from UV radiation exposure. Low levels of perceived skin cancer risk, a lack of knowledge about effective sun protection strategies and the inconvenience associated with sun-safe behaviors appear to explain this finding. A note of caution is required here, as there is a potential for publication bias. Moreover, the results of this study cannot be generalized to all non-melanoma skin cancer patients. Skin cancer survivors must be educated about their increased risk of future skin cancers. Behavioral interventions must be developed to increase the adoption of skin protective behaviors in this high-risk population group.






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