|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 221-223
An asymptomatic swelling on the neck
Swagata Tambe1, Shylaja Someshwar1, Ami Dedhia1, Raviraj Jadhav2, Kalpana Bhatt3, Hemangi Jerajani1
1 Department of Dermatology, M. G. M. Medical College and Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, India
2 Department of Surgery, M. G. M. Medical College and Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, India
3 Consultant Radiologist at UBM Institute and Bhatt Sonography Center, Dadar - East, Mumbai, India
|Date of Web Publication||2-Mar-2015|
Dr. Swagata Tambe
19/558, Udyan Society, Nehru Nagar, Kurla, Mumbai - 400 024, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Tambe S, Someshwar S, Dedhia A, Jadhav R, Bhatt K, Jerajani H. An asymptomatic swelling on the neck. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2015;81:221-3
|How to cite this URL:|
Tambe S, Someshwar S, Dedhia A, Jadhav R, Bhatt K, Jerajani H. An asymptomatic swelling on the neck. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 May 31];81:221-3. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2015/81/2/221/152314
A 24-year-old male presented to our clinic for evaluation of a single, asymptomatic swelling present on the posterior aspect of his neck for the last six months. The swelling was initially small, approximately around 0.5 cm, but gradually increased in size over a period of 6 months. There was a history of a similar lesion at the same site 1 year ago, which was excised under local anesthesia.
Cutaneous examination revealed a non-compressible cystic swelling of 3 cm × 4 cm size on the left side of the nape of neck [Figure 1]a. The overlying skin had an erythematous hue. [Figure 1]b.The transillumination test was positive [Figure 1]c. Within the cystic swelling, a solid, non-tender, firm mass of approximately 2 × 3 cm was palpated.
|Figure 1: (a) Translucent, non-compressible cystic swelling of size 3 × 4 cm on the left side of the nape of neck. (b) The overlying skin had an erythematous hue with normal skin markings. The surface of the tumor showed multiple facets and angles (c) Transillumination test was positive|
Click here to view
A high-resolution ultrasonography of the lesion showed a well-defined hypoechoic round mass lesion in the - subcutaneous tissue with a hyperechoic center and specks of calcification [Figure 2]a. A color Doppler study showed increased vascularity in the lesion and a branching tree pattern of blood vessels [Figure 2]b.
|Figure 2: (a) High-resolution ultrasonography of the lesion showed a well-defined hypoechoic round mass lesion in the subcutaneous tissue with hyperechoic center and specks of calcification. (b) Color Doppler study showed increased vascularity in the lesion with branching tree pattern of blood vessels|
Click here to view
On histopathological examination, the tumor mass was seen separate from the dermis and did not have a cellular lining. The solid tumor mass showed basophilic nucleated cells in the periphery and anucleated cells with pink keratinized cytoplasm in the center, showing abrupt keratinization with foci of calcification [Figure 3]a-d.
|Figure 3: (a) The tumor mass was separated from dermis without any cellular lining. There was evidence of inflammatory infiltrate surrounding the tumor. (H and E, ×40) (b and c) The solid tumor mass showed basophilic nucleated cells in the periphery and anucleated cells with pink keratinized cytoplasm in the center, showing abrupt keratinization with foci of calcification (H and E, ×100). (d) Higher magnification showed basophilic nucleated cells in the periphery and anucleated cells with pink keratinized cytoplasm in the center (H and E, ×400) |
Click here to view
| What is Your Diagnosis?|| |
| References|| |
Malherbe A, Chenanatis J. Note sur I'epithelioma calcifiedes glandes sebacees. Prog Med 1880;8:826-37.
Dubreuilh W, Cazenave E. De I' epithelioma calcifie: Etude histolgique. Ann Dermatol Syphilol 1922;3:257-68.
Forbis R Jr, Helwig EB. Pilomatrixoma (calcifying epithelioma). Arch Dermatol 1961;83:606-18.
Arnold HL. Pilomatricoma. Arch Dermatol 1977;113:1303.
Garg LN, Arora S, Gupta S, Gupta S, Singh P. Pilomatricoma: Forget me not. Indian Dermatol Online J 2011;2:75-7.
Simi CM, Rajalakshmi T, Correa M. Pilomatricoma: A tumor with hidden depths. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2010;76:543-6.
Kaddu S, Soyer HP, Hödl S, Kerl H. Morphological stages of pilomatricoma. Am J Dermatopathol 1996;18:333-8.
Wortsman X, Wortsman J, Arellano J, Oroz J, Giugliano C, Benavides MI, et al
. Pilomatrixomas presenting as vascular tumors on color Doppler ultrasound. J Pediatr Surg 2010;45:2094-8.
Choo HJ, Lee SJ, Lee YH, Lee JH, Oh M, Kim MH, et al
. Pilomatricomas: The diagnostic value of ultrasound. Skeletal Radiol 2010;39:243-50.
Hwang JY, Lee SW, Lee SM. The common ultrasonographic features of pilomatricoma. J Ultrasound Med 2005;24:1397-402.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]