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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 81  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 221-223

An asymptomatic swelling on the neck


1 Department of Dermatology, M. G. M. Medical College and Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, India
2 Department of Surgery, M. G. M. Medical College and Hospital, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, India
3 Consultant Radiologist at UBM Institute and Bhatt Sonography Center, Dadar - East, Mumbai, India

Date of Web Publication2-Mar-2015

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swagata Tambe
19/558, Udyan Society, Nehru Nagar, Kurla, Mumbai - 400 024, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.152314

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How to cite this article:
Tambe S, Someshwar S, Dedhia A, Jadhav R, Bhatt K, Jerajani H. An asymptomatic swelling on the neck. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2015;81:221-3

How to cite this URL:
Tambe S, Someshwar S, Dedhia A, Jadhav R, Bhatt K, Jerajani H. An asymptomatic swelling on the neck. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Sep 19];81:221-3. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2015/81/2/221/152314


A 24-year-old male presented to our clinic for evaluation of a single, asymptomatic swelling present on the posterior aspect of his neck for the last six months. The swelling was initially small, approximately around 0.5 cm, but gradually increased in size over a period of 6 months. There was a history of a similar lesion at the same site 1 year ago, which was excised under local anesthesia.

Cutaneous examination revealed a non-compressible cystic swelling of 3 cm × 4 cm size on the left side of the nape of neck [Figure 1]a. The overlying skin had an erythematous hue. [Figure 1]b.The transillumination test was positive [Figure 1]c. Within the cystic swelling, a solid, non-tender, firm mass of approximately 2 × 3 cm was palpated.
Figure 1: (a) Translucent, non-compressible cystic swelling of size 3 × 4 cm on the left side of the nape of neck. (b) The overlying skin had an erythematous hue with normal skin markings. The surface of the tumor showed multiple facets and angles (c) Transillumination test was positive


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A high-resolution ultrasonography of the lesion showed a well-defined hypoechoic round mass lesion in the - subcutaneous tissue with a hyperechoic center and specks of calcification [Figure 2]a. A color Doppler study showed increased vascularity in the lesion and a branching tree pattern of blood vessels [Figure 2]b.
Figure 2: (a) High-resolution ultrasonography of the lesion showed a well-defined hypoechoic round mass lesion in the subcutaneous tissue with hyperechoic center and specks of calcification. (b) Color Doppler study showed increased vascularity in the lesion with branching tree pattern of blood vessels


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On histopathological examination, the tumor mass was seen separate from the dermis and did not have a cellular lining. The solid tumor mass showed basophilic nucleated cells in the periphery and anucleated cells with pink keratinized cytoplasm in the center, showing abrupt keratinization with foci of calcification [Figure 3]a-d.
Figure 3: (a) The tumor mass was separated from dermis without any cellular lining. There was evidence of inflammatory infiltrate surrounding the tumor. (H and E, ×40) (b and c) The solid tumor mass showed basophilic nucleated cells in the periphery and anucleated cells with pink keratinized cytoplasm in the center, showing abrupt keratinization with foci of calcification (H and E, ×100). (d) Higher magnification showed basophilic nucleated cells in the periphery and anucleated cells with pink keratinized cytoplasm in the center (H and E, ×400)


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  References Top

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Malherbe A, Chenanatis J. Note sur I'epithelioma calcifiedes glandes sebacees. Prog Med 1880;8:826-37.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
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Forbis R Jr, Helwig EB. Pilomatrixoma (calcifying epithelioma). Arch Dermatol 1961;83:606-18.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
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Garg LN, Arora S, Gupta S, Gupta S, Singh P. Pilomatricoma: Forget me not. Indian Dermatol Online J 2011;2:75-7.  Back to cited text no. 5
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Simi CM, Rajalakshmi T, Correa M. Pilomatricoma: A tumor with hidden depths. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2010;76:543-6.  Back to cited text no. 6
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Kaddu S, Soyer HP, Hödl S, Kerl H. Morphological stages of pilomatricoma. Am J Dermatopathol 1996;18:333-8.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
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Wortsman X, Wortsman J, Arellano J, Oroz J, Giugliano C, Benavides MI, et al. Pilomatrixomas presenting as vascular tumors on color Doppler ultrasound. J Pediatr Surg 2010;45:2094-8.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
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Choo HJ, Lee SJ, Lee YH, Lee JH, Oh M, Kim MH, et al. Pilomatricomas: The diagnostic value of ultrasound. Skeletal Radiol 2010;39:243-50.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
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Hwang JY, Lee SW, Lee SM. The common ultrasonographic features of pilomatricoma. J Ultrasound Med 2005;24:1397-402.  Back to cited text no. 10
    


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