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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 81  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23--28

Analysis of twenty pediatric cases of tuberous sclerosis complex: Are we doing enough?


1 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
2 Department of Skin and VD, Bhimrao Ambedkar Multispecialty Hospital, Sector 30, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Jyoti Nath
House No - 246, Suravi Path, Jatia, Kahilipara Road, Guwahati, Assam - 781 019
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.148560

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Background: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a neuro-cutaneous disease characterized by hamartoma formation in various organs particularly the skin, brain, eye, kidney, heart and lungs. Patients usually have multisystem involvement and thus present to different medical specialties with varied complaints while the true nature of the disease and the hidden manifestations may remain unattended. A im: To assess the frequency and characteristics of various cutaneous and systemic manifestations in TSC and the total impact on different system in a cohort of pediatric patients. Methods: The study included 20 patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for TSC from dermatology, pediatrics, and neurology department. Detailed history, examination, and investigations such as chest X-ray, electrocardiography (ECG), ultrasonography (USG) abdomen, echocardiography, fundoscopy, computed tomography (CT) scan of brain and abdomen were done. Results: Dermatological manifestations included ash leaf macules, angiofibromas, shagreen patch, and fibrous plaque. Systemic findings observed were subependymal calcified nodules, subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, cortical tubers, renal cysts, angiomyolipomas, lung cyst, retinal hamartomas, mental deficits and epilepsy. Limitations: Wechsler's Intelligence Scale for Children would have been more appropriate for assessing the intelligence. Dental check-up was not done in our group of patients. Conclusion: Our study highlights the wide variety of cutaneous and systemic manifestations of TSC. The study emphasizes the need for comprehensive multidisciplinary treatment and periodic follow-up which are necessary for appropriate management of this multisystem disorder. Counseling regarding education and rehabilitation of the patients and genetic counseling of parents are important.






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