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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 80  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 413--418

Clinicopathologic assessment of Candida colonization of oral leukoplakia

1 Department of Oral Pathology, National Dental College and Hospital, Darabassi, Punjab, India
2 PDM dental College, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Reena Sarkar
Professor and Head, Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, National Dental College, Derabassi, Mohali, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.140299

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Background: Leukoplakia is the most common premalignant lesion of the oral mucosa. We studied the colonization of Candida in oral leukoplakia using direct microscopy, culture and histopathology to determine if there is a statistical correlation between Candida invasion and the clinical appearance and presence of epithelial dysplasia in leukoplakia. Methods: Samples were collected from 40 patients with oral leukoplakia and 21 controls. The swabs collected were used to inoculate Sabouraud's dextrose agar slant and for direct microscopy with Gram's stain. Culture growths were subjected to germ tube and corn meal agar tests to differentiate between Candida albicans and non-albicans groups. Biopsies were also done in all patients for histopathological confirmation; Gomori's methanamine silver stain was used to identify fungal invasion of lesional epithelium. Results and Conclusions: Nineteen cases of leukoplakia showed Candida on direct smears, compared to 3 controls. Eighteen cases and one control showed growth of Candida on culture. Non-homogenous leukoplakia showed a higher positivity rate on microscopy and culture than homogenous lesions. All these correlations were statistically significant. Forty percent of leukoplakia cases were simultaneously positive for Candida on direct microscopy, culture and histopathologic evaluation. No significant difference was found between non-dysplastic and distinctly dysplastic lesions with respect to Candida detection on microscopy or culture.


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Online since 15th March '04
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