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IMAGES IN CLINICAL PRACTICE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 80  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 335

Pediatric tuberous xanthomas


Department of Dermatology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication18-Jul-2014

Correspondence Address:
Aayush Gupta
B -1102, The Metropolitan, Near Darshan Hall, Chichwad, Pune, Maharashtra - 411 033
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.136904

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How to cite this article:
Sharma YK, Gupta A, Chaudhari ND. Pediatric tuberous xanthomas. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2014;80:335

How to cite this URL:
Sharma YK, Gupta A, Chaudhari ND. Pediatric tuberous xanthomas. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Jun 17];80:335. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2014/80/4/335/136904


A 7-year-old boy, developed, asymptomatic, gradually progressive smooth, mobile, yellowish, soft, and elevated nodules over knees, buttocks, and right ankle since the last three years [Figure 1]a-c. Slit lamp examination revealed arcus juvenilis [Figure 1]d; lipid profile revealed markedly elevated low density lipoproteins indicating severe primary type II homozygous familial hypercholestrolemia. These findings exclude other differential diagnoses of pediatric xanthomas such as phytosterolemia, cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, and Alagille syndrome.
Figure 1: Yellowish-brown, clustered, smooth surfaced, nodules over (a) knees, (b) buttocks, and (c) right ankle (d) arcus juvenilis

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Due to high risk of development of early coronary artery disease despite statin therapy, strict adherence to lifestyle modifications is warranted. Family members should be screened and appropriately treated. Specialist management includes ezetimibe-induced diminished cholesterol absorption and its "emergency" removal by plasmapheresis.


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