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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 80  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29--35

Randomized controlled study to evaluate the effectiveness of dexamethasone oral minipulse therapy versus oral minocycline in patients with active vitiligo vulgaris


Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Amrinder Jit Kanwar
Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.125479

Clinical trial registration 8142/PG/2Teg/09/28332, PGIMER, Chandigarh

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Background: Oral minocycline has been recently shown to halt disease progression in active vitiligo. Aims: The present study was planned to compare the efficacy and tolerability of oral minocycline with oral mini pulse (OMP) corticosteroids in active vitiligo. Methods: A total of 50 patients with actively spreading vitiligo were randomized to receive either minocycline 100 mg/day (Group I - 25 patients) or OMP 2.5 mg dexamethasone on 2 consecutive days in a week (Group II - 25 patients) for 6 months. These were followed-up at every 2 weeks interval. Mean vitiligo disease activity score (VIDA) and mean Vitiligo Area Scoring Index (VASI) were assessed in all patients in addition to the photographic comparison before and after treatment. Results: Both groups showed a significant decrease in VIDA from 4.0 to 1.64 ± 0.86 (P < 0.001) in Group I and from 4.0 to 1.68 ± 0.69 (P < 0.001) in Group II. However, the difference between the mean VIDA scores in the two groups was not statistically significant (P = 0.60) at the end of treatment period. The mean VASI declined from 1.71 ± 1.45 to 1.52 ± 1.43 Group I (P = 0.06) and from 1.39 ± 1.31 to 1.17 ± 1.34 in Group II (P = 0.05). The difference between VASI in Group I and II was not significant at the end of 24 weeks of treatment (P = 0.11). Conclusion: Both dexamethasone OMP and oral minocycline are effective drugs for managing the arrest of disease activity in vitiligo.






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