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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 79  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 383--388

Sclerotherapy in the management of varicose veins and its dermatological complications


1 Department of DVL, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of DVL, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Nagesh T Subbarao
Department of DVL, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Chikkasandra, Hesaraghatta Main Road, Bangalore, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.110746

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Background: Varicose veins and its dermatological complications like stasis dermatitis, ulcers, spontaneous bleeding are commonly seen in the dermatology clinics. Surgery has been the most often used treatment for varicose veins. Sclerotherapy refers to introduction of sclerosing solution into the varicose veins, which causes endothelial damage and subsequent fibrosis. Sclerotherapy is being practised extensively by dermatosurgeons in the west. However, there are no Indian studies which specifically evaluate the role of sclerotherapy in the management of varicose veins and its skin complications. Hence, this study aims to evaluate the efficacy of sclerotherapy in managing varicose veins and its complications. Aims: To study the safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy in the treatment of varicose veins and its dermatological complications. Methods: This is a prospective study involving 50 patients with varicose veins and its dermatological complications attending the dermatology out-patient department. The study was conducted over a period of 18 months. After thorough clinical, laboratory, and radiological evaluation, the patients were treated with sclerotherapy using Sodium Tetradecyl Sulphate of various concentrations depending on the vessel size. The patients were then followed up to look for disappearance of veins, healing of ulcers and eczema, and any complications.Results: Patients showed a good response to treatment with sclerotherapy. 70-80% of patients showed symptomatic improvement along with disappearance of veins and healing of eczema and ulcers. Most of the complications were minor, which resolved over a period of few weeks. Conclusion : Sclerotherapy is a simple, safe and effective procedure for the treatment of varicose veins and its dermatological complications. The procedure is particularly effective for smaller, early varicosities and also for residual veins after surgery. Hence we recommend more and more of our fellow dermatologists to take up this procedure, which can be an efficient tool to manage patients with varicose veins and its related complications.






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