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 NET STUDY
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 75  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 638-

Cutaneous lesions in Turkish neonates born in a teaching hospital


1 Department of Dermatology, Sisli Etfal Research and Teaching Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Third Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sisli Etfal Research and Teaching Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
G Gokdemir
Gayrettepe mah, Gokturk sok, Derya Apt No: 2/12, Besiktas-Istanbul
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.57742

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Background: The neonatal period is regarded as the first 4 weeks of extrauterine life. In the literature, there are numerous articles about the skin findings in neonates and the results of these studies show differences according to races and environmental factors. Aýms: Our objective was to evaluate the skin lesions seen in neonates delivered in our hospital and to determine their relationship to gender, gestational age and route of delivery. Methods: Newborns delivered at the Obstetrics Clinics of our hospital between November 2007 and April 2008 were included in this study. Dermatologic examination was performed and relationship between the 10 most common skin findings and gender, gestational age and route of delivery were statistically evaluated. Results: A total of 572 newborns were examined for the presence of skin lesions. Most common skin findings were Epstein pearls (58.76%), sebaceous hyperlasia (48.45%) and xerosis (31.29%). Milia and sebaceous hyperplasia in girls, desquamation and xerosis in preterms, Epstein pearls, sebaceous hyperplasia and desquamation in vaginally delivered babies were found to be more frequent and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusýon: We found that 90.7% of the neonates had one or more cutaneous lesions. Maturity and type of delivery of the babies were important factors in their causation. In Turkey, this study is the first study performed on the skin lesions seen during the neonatal period. With this study, we want to increase the awareness about the skin findings in neonates.






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