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 NET STUDY
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 75  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 100-

A study of clinicohistopathological correlation in patients of psoriasis and psoriasiform dermatitis


1 Department of Dermatology and STD, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi-110 095, India
2 Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi-110 095, India

Correspondence Address:
Archana Singal
Department of Dermatology and STD, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi-110 095
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.45241

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Background: Psoriasis has different clinical variants, which mimic diverse dermatological conditions and may require a histopathological confirmation of the diagnosis. Studies to establish a clinicohistopathological concordance (and its determinants), in psoriasis and psoriasiform dermatitis are lacking . Aims : The present study was designed (a) to correlate the clinicohistopathological features of psoriasis and psoriasiform dermatitis, and (b) to identify determinant(s) that may contribute to the diagnosis of psoriasis and psoriasiform dermatitis. Methods : This was a prospective study involving 100 patients, with a single clinical diagnosis of psoriasis or with psoriasis as one of the differential diagnoses, and its correlation with histopathological features. Results : The clinical features of typical scale (P = 0.0001) and Auspitz's sign (P = 0.0001), and histological evidence of suprapapillary thinning (P = 0.0001) and absent granular cell layer (P = 0.0001) were found to be statistically significant contributors to the clinicohistological concordance in cases of psoriasis. Vertical orientation of collagen bundles (P = 0.0001) and lymphocytic exocytosis (P = 0.003) were found to be significantly associated with diagnosis of psoriasiform dermatitis. Conclusion : The present study reconfirms the diagnostic accuracy of silvery white scale, Auspitz's sign, and Koebner's phenomenon in a clinical setting suggestive of psoriasis. However, in their absence, histological evidence of suprapapillary thinning and absent granular layer, in addition to the Munro microabscess and Kogoj's abscess, may contribute to the diagnosis of psoriasis. Similarly, vertical orientation of collagen bundles and lymphocytic exocytosis may point toward a diagnosis of psoriasiform dermatitis.






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