IADVL
Indexed with PubMed and Science Citation Index (E) 
 
Users online: 1485 
     Home | Feedback | Login 
About Current Issue Archive Ahead of print Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe What's New Contact  
  Navigate here 
  Search
 
   Next article
   Previous article 
   Table of Contents
  
 Resource links
   Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
   Article in PDF (95 KB)
   Citation Manager
   Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
   References
   Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed4569    
    Printed59    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded369    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 6    

Recommend this journal

 


 
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 74  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 274-275

Clinico-mycological profile of dermatophytosis in Jaipur, Rajasthan


1 Department of Botany, Laboratory of Microbiology and Mycology, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajashthan, India
2 Department of Dermatology, SMS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajashthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Neetu Jain
1102, Barkat Nagar, Kisan Marg, Jaipur, Rajashthan
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0378-6323.41388

Rights and Permissions



How to cite this article:
Jain N, Sharma M, Saxena V N. Clinico-mycological profile of dermatophytosis in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2008;74:274-5

How to cite this URL:
Jain N, Sharma M, Saxena V N. Clinico-mycological profile of dermatophytosis in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 2008 [cited 2019 Sep 20];74:274-5. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?2008/74/3/274/41388


Sir,

Jaipur has got a dry climate but in the summer, the temperature exceeds even 46°C with high humidity during the monsoon season. These climatic conditions favor the occurrence of fungal infections. To determine the clinical features and causative agent of dermatophytosis in the Jaipur area, a study was conducted over six months in the Skin Outdoor Patients Department, SMS Hospital, Jaipur. Clinical samples from 120 patients were subjected to potassium hydroxide (KOH) examination and culture isolation. Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA) medium was used for the isolation, purification and maintenance of dermatophytes. Causative agents were identified microscopically. Out of 120 diagnosed cases, 87 were found to be positive by KOH examination and 70 were culture-positive cases. Thus, the diagnosis of dermatophytosis could be established in 58.33% of the cases examined.

In our present investigation, Trichophyton rubrum was the most predominant etiological agent reported from 32 cases (45.71%)[Table 1]. It was isolated from all clinical types except tinea barbae. A review of the literature for dermatomycoses occurring in India and other countries also corroborated our finding that T. rubrum was the prevalent species. [1],[2],[3] George [4] has suggested that both the predominantly chronic nature of the infection and the adaptation of the dermatophyte to the human skin can explain the higher predominance of T. rubrum in India. The increased virulence in the Indian strains of all dermatophytes resulted from frequent human physical contact, which leads to favorable conditions for parasitism. The second-most common species was found to be T. mentagrophytes (14.29%), followed by T. violaceum (10%), T. tonsurans (8.57%), T. simii (7.14%), and Chrysosporium tropicum (5.71%).

T. schoenleinii (4.29%) was isolated for the first time from skin scrapings from Jaipur patients but only in cases with tinea capitis infection.

In the present investigation, tinea infections were more common in the 31-40 (23.33%) followed by 1-10 (22.5%), 21-30 (19.17%) and 11-20 (17.5%) age groups. Tinea corporis was the most predominant clinical type reported in all age groups but a higher incidence was observed in the 21-30 and 31-40 age groups. Similar results were also obtained by various other authors. [2],[5],[6] Tinea capitis was the second-most common clinical type reported only in the 1-10 and 11-20 age groups. It may be assumed that a higher freedom of movement, carelessness and perhaps, lack of guidance regarding personal hygiene could be the factors in exposing students to a higher incidence of tinea infection mainly by tinea capitis. It was also noted that patients of higher age groups were less frequently affected.

Tinea infections were more dominant in males (67.5%) than in females (32.5%) of all age groups except in the 0-10 years age group where the percentage of female (12.5 vs 10% males) patients was greater. Philpot [7] suggested that males may be more vulnerable to infection due to the higher exposures in the army, school and sporting activities and due to the types of shoes and socks used.

 
  References Top

1.Kanwar AJ, Mamta, Chander J. Superficial fungal infection. In : Valia RG, Valia AR, editors. IADVL textbook and atlas of dermatology, 2 nd ed. Mumbai: Bhalani Publishing House; 2001. p. 215-58.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Sharma M, Bhargav RK, Williamson D. Dermatophytic profile of Jaipur. I Biol Bull India 1983;5:57-63.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Peerapur BV, Inamdar AC, Pushpa PV, Srikant V. Clinicomycological study of dermatophytosis in Bijapur. Indian J Med Microbiol 2004;22:273-4.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.George LK. Epidemiology of the dermatophytoses, source of infection, modes of transmission of epidemicity. Ann NY Acad Sci 1960;89:69-99.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Bindu V, Pavithran K. Clinicomycological study of dermatophytoses in Calicut. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2002;68:259-61.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.Patwardhan N, Dave R. Dermatomycosis in and around Aurangabad. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 1999;42:455-62.  Back to cited text no. 6  [PUBMED]  
7.Philpot CM. Some aspects on epidemiology of tinea. Mycopathologia 1997;3:62.  Back to cited text no. 7    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1]

This article has been cited by
1 Distribution and Prevalence of Dermatophytes in Semi-Arid Region of India
Vishnu Sharma,Tarun Kumar Kumawat,Anima Sharma,Ruchi Seth,Subhash Chandra
Advances in Microbiology. 2015; 05(02): 93
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Useful Sign to Diagnose Tinea Capitis-‘Ear Sign’
U. S. Agarwal, S. Sitaraman, Gauri G. Panse, Kalyani Bhola, Raj Kumar Besarwal
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2011;
[VIEW] | [DOI]
3 The prevalence of tinea pedis and tinea manuum in adults in rural areas in Turkey
Nuri Kiraz,Selma Metintas,Yasemin Oz,Filiz Koc,Esra Ayse Koku Aksu,Cemalettin Kalyoncu,Nilgün Kasifoglu,Esin Cetin,Inci Arikan
International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2010; 20(5): 379
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 The prevalence of tinea pedis and tinea manuum in adults in rural areas in Turkey
Kiraz, N., Metintas, S., Oz, Y., Koc, F., Koku Aksu, E.A., Kalyoncu, C., Kasifoglu, N., (...), Arkan, I.
International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2010; 20(5): 379-386
[Pubmed]
5 Tinea capitis in the pediatric population: A study from North India
Grover, C., Arora, P., Manchanda, V.
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. 2010; 76(5): 527-532
[Pubmed]
6 Fungitoxic properties of Calotropis procera and Clerodendron inerme against fungi causing superficial mycoses in human beings
Jain, N., Sharma, M.
Indian Drugs. 2008; 45(11): 895-898
[Pubmed]



 

Top
Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article

    

Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow