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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116--119

HIV prevalence in patients with herpes zoster

Dept. of Dermatology, 167 Millitary Hospital, C/o. 56 APO, India

Correspondence Address:
P K Kar
Command Hospital, Air Force, Bangalore - 560 007
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17642851

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To monitor HIV seroprevalence and to determine the sexual risk behaviour of men with herpes zoster (HZ), a study was conducted from Jan 98 to Dec 99 among 115 men of 21 to 55 years of age suffering from HZ. The diagnosis of HZ was clinical and relevant investigations when indicated were carried out to exclude immunodeficiency state. None of the cases were on immunosuppressive drugs. All cases were tested for HIV by immunocomb method and if found positive were confirmed by Western blot assay. Out of 115 cases of HZ 11 (9.5%) were found to be HIV positive. 11 (10.8%) of HIV positive cases were 21-40 years of age. More than one dermatome was involved in 7 (63.6%) HIV positive and in 2(1.9%) HIV negative cases. 2 HIV positive cases had multiple cranial nerve involvement and one had generalized HZ. None of the cases showed evidence of progression to symptomatic HIV disease. Out of 11 HIV positive cases 9(81.8%) gave history of multiple unprotected sexual exposures with female commercial sex workers and 2 (18.1 %) with amatures. None of our cases had used condom during sexual intercourse. None gave history of blood transfusion in the past or intravenous drug use.

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Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow