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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2002  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 262--266

Study of serum lipids in leprosy


Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Smt. Sucheta Kripalani Hospital, New Delhi-110 001, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravindra V Koranne
A-703, Rosewood Apartments, Mayur Vihar-1, Delhi-91
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 17656962

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Fifty fresh and untreated patients of leprosy constituted the study group. Fifty, age and sex matched healthy individuals formed the controls. Ridly and Jopling system of classification was used in the study. Majority i.e 21 cases were of BT group, 12 of BB, 7 of BL, 9 of LL and one case was of TT leprosy. The serum triglyceride level was lower than normal in TT, showed no alteration in BT or BB and was insignificantly increased in bL and LL patients. The total cholesterol was lowerthan normal in TT, showed no alteration in BT or BB and was insignificantly increased in Bland LL patients. The total cholesterol was lower than normal in TT, whereas in BT, BB, BL and LL groups the levels were statistically decreased. The HDL cholesterol was within normal range in TT, significantly decreased in BT and LL patients, showed no significant alteration in BB and was insignificantly decreased in BL group. The LDL cholesterol in TT was low but was not so low statistically when compared with the controls, whereas in BT, BB, BL and LL groups the levels were statistically decreased. The VLDL cholesterol was within normal range in TT and BT, was raised insignificantly in 3 of 12 cases of BB, was within normal range in BL and in LL leprosy it was raised in one out of 9 cases. In the absence of any derangement of liver function tests, it can be concluded that leprosy per se leads to alterations in lipid metabolism. However, no correlation could be established between the group/type of leprosy, bacterial indices and levels of different lipid fractions in the present study.






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Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow