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CASE REPORT
Year : 1997  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 193

Congenital familial acral vitiligo


Department of Dermatology, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Rishi Bhargava
C-32, Peeyush Path, Bapu Nagar, Jaipur - 302 015
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20944322

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  Abstract 

A 22-year-old female presented with vitiliginous lesions on her hands and feet since birth. Similar lesions at similar sites were present in 4 other family members. The trait appeared to have autosomal dominant inheritance with variable penetrance.


Keywords: Vitiligo, Congenital familial acral vitiligo


How to cite this article:
Jain DK, Bhargava P, Mathur DK, Agarwal U S, Bhargava R. Congenital familial acral vitiligo. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1997;63:193

How to cite this URL:
Jain DK, Bhargava P, Mathur DK, Agarwal U S, Bhargava R. Congenital familial acral vitiligo. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1997 [cited 2019 Oct 22];63:193. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?1997/63/3/193/22747


Vitiligo is characterized by the presence of well-defined milky-white macular lesions devoid of identifiable melanocytes.[1]In about 30-40% cases, a family history has been found in 1st and 2nd degree relatives.[1]We recently came across a 22-year-old female with acrally distributed vitiligo lesions since birth. Four other family members were also affected.


  Case Report Top


A 22-year-old female was referred to us with vitiliginous lesions on her hands and feet since birth. Examination showed milky-white macules and patches distributed on dorsal aspect of her both hands and feet. Rest of her body was free from similar lesions. Other autoimmune abnormalities were excluded clinically and by relevant laboratory investigations. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of vitiligo.

A positive family history of similar lesions at similar sites was obtained from brother, sister, uncle and her grand father.


  Discussion Top


These family members had a unique acral distribution of vitiligo lesions and trait appeared to have autosomal dominant inheritance with variable penetrance[Figure - 1].

 
  References Top

1.Mosher DB, Fitzpatric TB, Hori Y et al. Disorders of melanocytes. In: Dermatology in General Medicine, 4th edition, Editors, Fitzpatrick T B, Eisen A Z, Wolff K, Mc Graw-Hill Inc, New york 1993;923-933.  Back to cited text no. 1      


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