IADVL
Indexed with PubMed and Science Citation Index (E) 
 
Users online: 304 
     Home | Feedback | Login 
About Current Issue Archive Ahead of print Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe What's New Contact  
  Navigate here 
  Search
 
   Next article
   Previous article 
   Table of Contents
  
 Resource links
   Similar in PUBMED
    Search Pubmed for
    Search in Google Scholar for
   [PDF Not available] *
   Citation Manager
   Access Statistics
   Reader Comments
   Email Alert *
   Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
   To the Editor,
   References
   Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1428    
    Printed28    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 


 
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 1997  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72-73

HIV seropositivity in STD patients


Kanpur, India

Correspondence Address:
Renu Jain
Kanpur
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20944277

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions



How to cite this article:
Jain R, Chandra S, Sakhuja S, Kumar A, Verma M, Arora S K. HIV seropositivity in STD patients. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1997;63:72-3

How to cite this URL:
Jain R, Chandra S, Sakhuja S, Kumar A, Verma M, Arora S K. HIV seropositivity in STD patients. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1997 [cited 2020 Jun 6];63:72-3. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?1997/63/1/72/22844



  To the Editor, Top


Starting from the North America, taking few homosexual men in 1981, this fatal disease AIDS is gripping the whole globe, breaking all the barriers of age, sex, race, status or geographical distribution.

The WHO estimated that by the year 2000, 4 million Indians will be infected by HIV and over 1.7 million would have AIDS. Till now there is no cure or vaccine to prevent the attack of HIV causing the fatal outcome.

HIV is a 'C' type retrovirus having 2 subtypes HIV I and HIV II, transmitted mostly (75%) by bidirectional unprotected sexual practices with highest incidence in sexually active age group (15-40 years). Presence of STD which are almost confined to this age group, especially those having genital ulcers, facilitates the aquisition and transmission of HIV. Thus it can be stated that patients having STD with active sexual life are at higher risk of getting infected with HIV and thus of AIDS.[1],[2],[3],[4]

The present study was conducted in outdoor clinic of Skin and VD of LLR and Associated Hospitals, Kanpur. The patients attending the STD clinic between October 95 and September 96 and found positive for STD were screened for antibodies to HIV tested by ELISA using commercial kits at Zonal AIDS Center, Blood Bank, Kanpur.

Distribution of cases according to clinical diagnosis is mentioned in [Table - 1]

In our study it was seen that 50% of cases admitted of having sex before marriage while 88.9% of unmarried cases have had premarital and only 37% of married cases admitted of extramarital sex. Most of these cases visited commercial sex workers and none of them ever used condom.

We also found only 12.5% women in our study in comparison to 40% in West.[3] This may be due to lesser promiscuity, illiteracy, lack of awareness about STD and stigma attached to STD.

A total number of 72 cases of STD were investigated and none of them was found to be seropositive for HIV. However, a large study sample is required for proper evaluation.

Most of the studies conducted in Western and African countries show a high seroprevelance in STD patients. Indian studies on HIV seropositivity in STD patients however did not show any significant changes. This might be due to greater promiscuous behaviour, IV drug abuse, higher homosexual prevalence and early age to begin the sexual activity in Western world.

But in India more cultural values and social boundations keep the seropositivity towards lower side. To maintain this low profile more awareness and public education is needed towards healthy sexual practices to get rid of the demon of AIDS[4].

 
  References Top

1.Hoxie NJ, Vergeronts JM, Schlenkar T, Pifster J Davis JP. HIV seroprevalence among patients attending a Milwanlke's clinic for STD. Finding from four annual surveys 1988-91. Wis Med J 1993;2:61-5.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Karita E, Martinez W, Van Depereep, Nazizumiya A, Myranemani J, Bulara JB, Fox E. HIV infection among STD patients. Int J STD AIDS 1993;4:211-3.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Sholenbec VJ, Landis SE, Weber OJ, Mittal M, Kacbec, Levine PH. HIV seroprevelance in STD clinics in a low prevelance Southern State. Evidence of endemic sexual transmission. Ann Epidemiol 1993;3:281-8.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Thakur TS, Sharma V, Goyal A, Gupta ML. Seroprevalence of HIV antibodies, Australia antigen and VDRL reactivity in Himanchal Pradesh. Ind J Med Sci 1991;45:332-25.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table - 1]



 

Top
Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article

    

Online since 15th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow