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   Abstract
   Introduction
   Case Report
   Discussion
   References
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CASE REPORT
Year : 1995  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 317-319

Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma




Correspondence Address:
M Jayaraman


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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20953004

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  Abstract 

Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma is associated with poor prognosis. But with low grade pathology it may have a good prognosis. A 32-year-old man presented with hyperpigmented patches over chest which on biopsy showed perivascular infiltrate and was treated as vasculitis. After 8 months he came again with multiple nodules and plaques with ulceration. Biopsy of the plaque showed evidence of B-cell lymphoma. With chemotherapy the patient died after 6 months. Retrospective study of the earliest biopsy showed atypical lymphoid cells. This emphasizes the importance of the dermatopathological interpretation at the earliest stage


Keywords: B-cell lymphoma, Lymphoma


How to cite this article:
Jayaraman M, Janaki V R, Yesudian P. Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1995;61:317-9

How to cite this URL:
Jayaraman M, Janaki V R, Yesudian P. Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1995 [cited 2019 Jul 22];61:317-9. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?1995/61/5/317/4255



  Introduction Top


Cutaneous lymphoma is a type of extranodal lymphoma in which the skin is mainly involved.[1] Nowadays the frequency of the primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma seems to have increased, because of the usage of monoclonal antibodies.[2] Cutaneous involvement by B-cell lymphoma has been considered a sign of progression and dissemination of lymph node disease and thus associated with a poor prognosis.[3]


  Case Report Top


A 32-year-old man reported in March 1992 with history of erythematous and slightly hyperpigmented patches over the chest and back of 10 days duration. On examination the condition was provisionally diagnosed as urticaria pigmentosa or as post-inflammatory pigmentation. A biopsy was taken from one of the chest lesions and under H & E the specimen showed a mononuclear perivascular infiltrate in the upper dermis. A diagnosis of lymphocytic vasculitis was suggested. The patient was given prednisolone 15 mg/day with dapsone 100 mg/day and chlorpheniramine maleate 25 mg b d. The patient was asked to come for follow up after a fortnight. On recurrence of the lesions patient consulted a private dermatologist and was prescribed inj. dexamethasone and antihistamine. Since he did not find any improvement, he sought help with alternative medicine for 40 days. His skin lesions got further aggrevated and he came to our hospital again 8 months after the first episode.

On examination patient had oedema of the face, upper and lower limbs. Axillary and horizontal group of inguinal lymph nodes were enlarged. They were discrete and tender. Blood pressure was 160/120 mm of Hg.

Dermatological examination revealed multiple erythematous hyperpigmented plaques distributed over the forehead, butterfly area of the face, neck, chest, back, abdomen, upper and lower limbs.

The plaques over face, cheek and chest were studded with papules and nodules [Figure - 1]. The plaque over the back was infiltrated. In one area it showed on oval depression with a peripheral induration. Biopsy was taken from one of the plaques over the face. The biopsy showed a monomorphous infiltrate of large lymphoid cells throughout the dermis and subcutis with a clear zone. A retrospective study of the first biopsy slide showed atypical cells among the infiltrate [Figure - 2].

Monoclonal antibodies for B-cells and T-cells were used. The majority of the infiltrate showed B-cell lineage. Chemotherapy was given with cyclophosphosphamide, methotrexate, vinctristine and betamethasone for 5 cycles. There was no improvement and finally patient died after the 6 months of hospitalisation.


  Discussion Top


Involvement of the skin as a primary extranodal tumour site is one of the risk factors for shortened survival.[4] It was shown that poor performance status, advanced age, high grade pathology, a primary extranodal tumour site other than upper GI tract, or prior therapy (either surgery or irradiation) was significantly associated with shortened survial in a study of 82 cases of advanced B-cell lymphoma.[4]

Our case was characterised by monomorphic lymphoid cell infiltration throughout the entire dermis and subcutis; the infiltrate was composed of large lymphoid cells with a definite clear zone. The B-cell lineage was confirmed by monoclonal antibody technique.

Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma was sometimes recognized as a unique type of low grade lymphoma[5] and confused with pseudolymphoma. Multilobated T-cell lymphoma is a morphologic variant of. peripheral T-cell lymphoma with a favourable prognosis. B-cell lymphoma also shows multilobated cells and is associated with a favourable prognosis.[6]

Our patient had three risk factors i.e., primary cutaneous lymphoma, high grade pathology and advanced stage. But if we had identified the abnormal atypical lymphoid cells with a clear zone around it in the earliest biopsy which was interpreted as vascultis, chemotherapy might have been instituted at the early stage.

 
  References Top

1.Nagatani T, Myazawa M, Matsuzak T, et al. Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma consisting of large cleaved cells with lobated nuclei. Int J Dermatol 1993;32:737-9.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Faure P, Chittal S, Gourget H, et al. Immunohistochemical profile of cutaneous B-cell lymphoma on cryostat and paraffin sections. Am J Dermatopathol 1990; 12:122-33.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Willemze R, Meijer CJLM, Sentis HJ, et al. Primary cutaneous large cell lymphomas of follicular center cell orgin. J Am Acad Dermatol 1987;16:518-26.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Shimoyama M, Ota K, Kikuchi M, et al. Major prognostic factors of adult patients with advanced B-cell lymphoma treated with vincristine, cyclophosphamide, prednisolone and doxorubicin (VEPA) or VEPA plus methotrexate. Jpn J clin oncol 1988;18:113-24.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]  
5.Santucci M, Pimpinelli N, Arganini L. Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma:a unique type of low grade lymphoma-clinicopathologic and immunologic study of 83 cases. Cancer 1991;69:1994-2001.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.Chan JKC, Ng CS, Tung S. Multilobated B-cell lymphoma, a variant of centroblastic lymphoma. Report of four cases. Histopathology 1986;10:601-12.  Back to cited text no. 6    


    Figures

[Figure - 1], [Figure - 2]



 

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