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Year : 1995  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 244-245

Mycological aspects of dermatomycosis in Yavatmal (Maharashtra)

Correspondence Address:
K V Ingole

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 20952978

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How to cite this article:
Ingole K V, Jalgaonkar S V, Moon B, Fule C. Mycological aspects of dermatomycosis in Yavatmal (Maharashtra). Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1995;61:244-5

How to cite this URL:
Ingole K V, Jalgaonkar S V, Moon B, Fule C. Mycological aspects of dermatomycosis in Yavatmal (Maharashtra). Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol [serial online] 1995 [cited 2019 Nov 16];61:244-5. Available from: http://www.ijdvl.com/text.asp?1995/61/4/244/4231

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Dermatomycosis is by far the most common fungal disease in human beings. Though various species of dermatophytes produce clinically characteristic lesions, a single species may produce variety of lesions depending upon site of infection. Infection is also produced by species of Candida and a number of opportunistic fungi.

A total 112 clinically suspected cases of dermatomycosis were studied. Fungal species were identified by taking skin scraping and on the basis of cultural characteristics by standard mycologoical techniques.

Out of 112 clinically diagnosed cases of dermatomycosis, 37 (33.33%) were positive for fungal isolates. Most common clinical diagnosis was tinea pedis (31-27.67%) while tinea manuum was diagnosed in 9 (8.03%) cases.

The commonest fungus isolated was Trichophyton rubrum (17-15.17%) followed by T. mentagrophytes (15-13.39%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (12-10.71%), other fungi isolated were Candida albicans (8-7.14%) and Trichosporon (3-2.67%).

In the present study tinea pedis was the predominant clinical type of dermatomycosis. Tinea corporis has been documented as the predominant clinical type in other studies.[1] Barefooted walking and working in fields may probably be related to the high incidence of tinea pedis in this rural area.

Trichophyton rubrum was found to be the main aetiological agent responsible for dermatomycosis in this area (15.17%). This is in confirmity with other published reports.[2] Epidermophyton floccosum has also been isolated frequently in the present study (10.71%). The isolation of this fungus has been variously reported as 12.04%[1] and 32.28%[3] in other studies. Trichosporon was isolated from three cases and Candida albicans from 8 cases. These are opportunistic nondermatophyte fungi. Such fungi are normally commensals, saprobes or plant pathogens. Their isolation in culture is not in itself a proof of pathogenicity, however, in the present study this fungus was repeatedly isolated from patients. This may point towards their suspected potentially pathogenic role as an opportunistic nondermatomycotic fungi.

  References Top

1.Vasu DRBH. Incidence of dermatomycosis in Warangal. Ind J Med Res 1966;54:468.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Gupta BK, Kumar S, Kumar R, Khurana S. Mycological aspects of dermatomycosis in Ludhiana. Ind J Pathol Microbiol 1993;36:233.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Ghosh LM. An analysis of 5,00,000 cases in the out patient department of tropical school of medicine, Calcutta during five years from 1942-1946. Ind Med Gazette 1948;83:493.  Back to cited text no. 3    


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